Coos Bay in Coos County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
Welcome to the Oregon Coast
The Oregon Coast boasts forested headlands, towering dunes of sand, and sparkling lakes and rivers. From the Columbia River south to Bandon, the picturesque coastline is bordered to the east by the peaks of the Coast Range Mountains. These peaks are the remnants of a chain of volcanic islands that collided with the North American continent some 50 million years ago. The rugged southernmost section of the coast is quite different geologically, and is dominated by the jagged Siskiyou Mountains.
The Siskiyous were formed at different geological times and in different ways, forming a complex mass shoved together by plate tectonics. The folded, metamorphosed, and faulted rock, from 400 million to 100 million years old, includes belts of differing rocks. The Siskiyou Mountains are a region of extraordinary ecological richness due to the many and varied minerals found there.
Each of Oregon's seven regions offers visitors spectacular landscapes and examples of how the land has been influenced by human
1 - The Coast
2 - Portland Metro
3 - Mt. Hood /The Gorge
4 - Willamette Valley
5 - Central Oregon
6 - Southern Oregon
7 - Eastern Oregon
Before contact with Euro Americans in the nineteenth century, the Native American people of the Southern Coast developed cultures supported by abundant food and a mild maritime climate.
The Siuslaw and Coos, and Athabaskan-speaking peoples including the Coquille, Tututni, Chetco, Tolowa, and Lower Umpqua shared a similar environment, sustained by salmon, smelt, acorns, deer, and a wide variety of edible plants and berries. Living in permanent villages near the shore, the Native Americans also traveled to inland summer camps to gather food and game.
A Rush for Gold
Before the 1850s, few Euro Americans had contact with the Indians of the Southern Coast, which was isolated by rugged mountains and lacked good harbors.
Then, gold discoveries in the Siskiyou Mountains suddenly brought thousands of prospectors and adventurers. Even the sands yielded gold, reflected in the name of the town of Gold Beach at the mouth of the Rogue
Rogue River Wars
The resident Indian bands resisted the tide of newcomers, but after the Rogue River Wars of 1855-1856, they were unable to prevent the forced removal of most of their people. Despite the lack of any ratified treaty agreement, most were marched to a reservation many miles to the north. A few managed to remain in settlements such as those on South Slough and along the Siuslaw River.
Goods by Sea
During the 1850s, small harbors were developed at Gardiner on Winchester Bay, and on Coos Bay. There, goods from San Francisco were unloaded to supply miners working farther inland. By the 1870s, settlers on Coos Bay had discovered coal. This was shipped to San Francisco, often in locally-built wooden sailing ships. The first commercial salmon cannery opened on the Rogue River in 1876, and lumber mills also contributed to the Southern Coast economy before World War I.
Goods by Land
A railroad from the Willamette Valley reached Coos Bay in 1916, providing a new outlet for timber products. Huge lumber operations were centered on Coos Bay and anchored the economy until the 1980s.
The development of the Oregon Coast Highway during the 1930s aided other enterprises, such as dairying and the growing of lily bulbs and cranberries.
Tribal Lands Again
Beginning in the 1970s, the Coquille Tribe and the Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians successfully re-established a portion of tribal lands and governance in the Southern Coast region. Among their enterprises are casino and hotel operations, forestry, and cranberry growing and marketing.
In the 21st century, the Southern Coast looks to tourism and recreation, such as the renowned golf resort at Bandon, and fishing and boating on the Rogue River, for economic support. Timber production, dairying, cranberry growing, and commercial fishing continue to add to the economy as well.
Erected by State of Oregon, Oregon Travel Experience, Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians, Three Rivers Casino.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian. In addition, it is included in the Oregon Beaver Boards series list.
Location. 43° 22.061′ Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Coos Bay OR 97420, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Changing Waterfront (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Changing Waterfront (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Changing Waterfront (within shouting distance of this marker); Transportation (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Transportation (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Transportation (within shouting distance of this marker); Koos No. 2 (within shouting distance of this marker); Shipping (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Coos Bay.
Also see . . .
1. Oregon History: Indian Wars.
During the winter of 1851-52, packers on the trail to California discovered the placer mines of southwestern Oregon. Within weeks a reckless population, most of them hardened miners from California, surged over the Siskiyous or stepped off the gangplanks of ships putting in at Crescent City, Port Orford, Umpqua City, or Scottsburg. For the Indians of the Rogue River country it meant that (Submitted on February 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Oregon Gold Rush.
The search for gold in Oregon reaches back to the first immigrants coming into this state in the 1840s. These searches were all small scale panning at places where gold prospecting looked promising to people traveling through the country. Gold was discovered during those years but not in large enough quantity to yield an economic return that was worth more than the work to get it. None of these gold discoveries sparked a large-scale and rapid movement of prospectors into Oregon. This would change with a discovery of gold on Josephine Creek in 1851. (Submitted on February 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Highway 101 (Oregon Coast Highway).
Many places on the Oregon coast were virtually inaccessible in the early twentieth century. Small fishing villages existed as remote outposts, separated by rocky headlands and timber-covered hills. The Roosevelt Coast Military Highway, named in honor of President Theodore Roosevelt, was a result of a renewed national sense of isolationism and the perceived need for emergency preparedness following World War I. Work on the new coast road, designed by the state’s highway department, began in earnest in 1921. Throughout the 1920s, crews graded and paved section after section of the 400-mile route. In 1926, the road became U.S. 101; in 1931, the state renamed it the Oregon Coast Highway. (Submitted on February 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 3, 2018. It was originally submitted on February 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 149 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on February 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.