Augusta in Richmond County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Augusta made major commitments to industrialization earlier than most other Southern cities, in response to a growing concern that the cotton states were becoming too economically dependent on the industrial North.
Grist mills and sawmills first harnessed the water power of swift flowing streams, but the greatest encouragement for industrial expansion resulted from the construction of the Augusta Canal. Conceived by influential business leaders led by Henry H. Cumming, the canal was completed in 1847 on three levels running through the western edge of the city.
Water enters the canal from the river through headgates located seven miles upstream.
The Augusta Manufacturing Company, a textile mill, was the first industry to locate on the canal, followed by flour mills and foundries producing agricultural implements, machine parts, and locomotives.
During the War Between The States, Augusta industries formed a vital center of war supplies to the Confederate Government. Although valuable as a supplier of food, clothing, and field equipment, the single most important contribution to the war effort was
Enlargement of the canal after the war created additional power for the expansion of textile manufacturing and related industries along its banks.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels.
Location. 33° 28.702′ N, 81° 57.872′ W. Marker is in Augusta, Georgia, in Richmond County. Marker can be reached from James Brown Boulevard north of Reynolds Street, on the right when traveling north. Marker is located along the Augusta Riverwalk, between James Brown Blvd and 8th St. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 15 8th Street, Augusta GA 30901, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Indians (a few steps from this marker); De Soto In Georgia (within shouting distance of this marker); The Great Fire of 1916 (within shouting distance of this marker); Great Indian Warrior / Trading Path (within shouting distance of this marker); Cotton (within shouting distance of this marker); Founding of Augusta (within shouting distance of this marker); Floods (within shouting William Bartram Trail (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Augusta.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Augusta Canal. The Augusta Canal, built in 1845 as a source of power, water and transportation, is the only intact industrial canal in the American South in continuous use. Spearheaded by Augusta native Henry H. Cumming, the Augusta Canal began to fulfill Cumming’s vision in short order. By 1847 the first factories – a saw and grist mill and the Augusta Factory - were built, the first of many that would eventually line the Canal. (Submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Sibley Mill and Confederate Powder Works Chimney. At the beginning of the Civil War gunpowder supplies for the Confederate armies were insufficient. In 1861 Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, charged Colonel George Washington Rains with solving this issue by creating a local supply of gunpowder. Rains chose the flat lands by the Augusta Canal as the most suitable site for making the much needed gunpowder. He named Major Charles Shaler Smith as architect (Submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Enterprise Mill. James L. Coleman, an Augusta farmer, had plans to build a flour mill on his plantation as early as 1845. With the initiation of the Augusta Canal project in 1845, he asked that its route be slightly changed in order to supply his land with water power. It was, and Coleman finished construction of a four-story granite mill in 1848 known as “Coleman’s Flour Mill” or “Coleman’s Granite Mill.” In 1873, the Granite Mill had an addition built on its west end. Upon completion of the canal enlargement in 1875, Augusta businessmen formed the Enterprise Manufacturing Company. (Submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 23, 2018. It was originally submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 152 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.