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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Johnsbury in Caledonia County, Vermont — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Court House Grounds & Park

 
 
Court House Grounds & Park Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 9, 2017
1. Court House Grounds & Park Marker
Inscription.  
On June 28, 1790, Jonathan Arnold donated the land now occupied by the courthouse and park to the "South Parish" of the Village of St. Johnsbury for use as a "Buryal Ground."

By 1855 the burial ground had fallen into disrepair. Families started transferring their dead to the newer Mt. Pleasant Cemetery. St. Johnsbury's 1856 designation as the Shire Town of Caledonia County required the construction of a County Courthouse. Thus, arrangements were made to transfer all human remains that were still in the old cemetery. The original grant was also changed to read: "The piece of ground in said village heretofore used for a burying ground and from which the bodies interred there have recently been removed for the purpose of having erected thereon a Court House.”

In 1994, a decision was made to build an addition to the courthouse. Archeological investigations were conducted to ensure that no remaining bodies would be disturbed by the proposed construction. During studies from 1994 to 2000, 144 grave shafts were discovered and excavated and 28 full skeletons were exhumed. Of these only nine were adults.
Court House Grounds & Park Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 9, 2017
2. Court House Grounds & Park Marker (wide view)
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The remaining 19 were children and infants. Following scientific analysis, the remains were reburied in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery next to those who had been moved in the 1850’s. This memorial honors this early cemetery and those that were buried here.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial SitesParks & Recreational Areas. A significant historical date for this entry is June 28, 1790.
 
Location. 44° 25.088′ N, 72° 1.226′ W. Marker is in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, in Caledonia County. Marker is on Main Street (U.S. 2) south of Eastern Avenue (U.S. 2), on the right when traveling north. Marker is a large metal plaque, mounted at ground-level on a granite boulder, in front of the Caledonia County Courthouse, adjacent to the front of the building. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1126 Main Street, Saint Johnsbury VT 05819, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St Johnsbury World War I Memorial (a few steps from this marker); St Johnsbury World War II Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Parrot Gun No. 126 (within shouting distance of this marker); St Johnsbury Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Parrot Gun No. 107 (within shouting distance of this marker); Newell Hall
Caledonia County Courthouse entrance (<i>near the marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 9, 2017
3. Caledonia County Courthouse entrance (near the marker)
(within shouting distance of this marker); St. Johnsbury Athenaeum (within shouting distance of this marker); Eugene “Geno” McDonough (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line).
 
Also see . . .
1. St "Jay" History.
An early settler was Dr. Jonathan Arnold, a member of the Continental Congress and author of Rhode Island's act of secession from the United Kingdom in May of 1776. Arnold left Rhode Island in 1787 and, with six other families, built homes at what is now the town center. By 1790, the village had grown to 143 inhabitants, and the first town meeting took place in Arnold's home that year, where the name St. Johnsbury was adopted. (Submitted on April 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Richard Creifelds' Portrait of Jonathan Arnold.
Jonathan Arnold is considered the founder of the town of St. Johnsbury, as he obtained its grant from Governor Thomas Chittenden, led one of the first groups of permanent settlers to the town's current site in 1787, and helped establish its institutions, both civic and economic. This depiction of Arnold by New York portraitist Richard Creifelds reproduces, with some embellishment, an eighteenth-century miniature that is believed to have been created during Arnold's participation in the Continental Congress in Philadelphia in
Caledonia County Courthouse (<i>corner view: 2017 construction in progress</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 9, 2017
4. Caledonia County Courthouse (corner view: 2017 construction in progress)
1782—83 as a delegate from Rhode Island, which explains his wig and formal attire. (Submitted on April 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. Images for Caledonia County, Vermont.
This link presents historic post card images of the Caledonia County Courthouse. (Submitted on April 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Caledonia County Courthouse (<i>2017 construction in progress</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 9, 2017
5. Caledonia County Courthouse (2017 construction in progress)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 24, 2018. It was originally submitted on April 20, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 124 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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May. 21, 2022