Bainbridge in Decatur County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The First Seminole War in Decatur County
— Creek Heritage Trail —
United States military forces entered the area in 1816 desiring to extend American control over the region. They sought to remove the Seminoles from Georgia and secure the border while simultaneously pressuring Spain to relinquish control of Florida. They first moved on the "Negro Fort," destroying the post on July 27, 1816. The First Seminole War officially began the next year, after U.S. forces fought Seminole warriors at the prominent village of Fowltown and Seminoles counterattacked a short time later.
Gen. Andrew Jackson commanded the American and allied Creek army sent to the area in the wake of the violence.
First Seminole War Fortifications Located in Decatur County
American forces built Fort Hughes on this spot shortly after the Battle of Fowltown. They named it in honor of Pvt. Aaron Hughes, who was killed in the battle. After Creek and Seminole warriors attacked the outpost in December of 1817, the fort's garrison evacuated to the more substantial Fort Scott.
Originally known as Camp Crawford in honor of Secretary of War William Crawford of Georgia, Fort Scott was located on a bluff about fifteen miles downriver. Lt. Col. Duncan Clinch built the fortification in 1816 to use as a base of operations for patrolling the U.S.-Spanish border. In 1817 he rebuilt and strengthened Camp Crawford and named the new fortification in honor of Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott. The fort became the launching point for American operations during the First Seminole War. It was garrisoned until 1821.
Bottom left: Lt. Col. Duncan L. Clinch commanded U.S. Army forces that helped
Creek prophet Hillis Hadjo (also known as Josiah Francis) was a prominent anti-American leader in Florida during the First Seminole War. He was captured by Jackson's army and hung at St. Marks, Florida.
Top right: Map of Jackson's first Seminole War Campaign.
Bottom right: Mural depiction of Fort Scott in Dothan, Alabama
Erected 2014 by Historic Chattahoochee Commission, Georgia Department of Economic Development and Georgia Council for the Arts, Decatur County Commission, Decatur County Historical and Genealogical Society, Bainbridge State College and City of Bainbridge.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian.
Location. 30° 54.493′ N, 84° 34.759′ W. Marker is in Bainbridge, Georgia, in Decatur County. Marker can be reached from West Jackson Street west of North Florida Street, on the right when traveling west. Located within Chason Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: West Jackson Street, Bainbridge GA 39817, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Decatur County During the Creek and Seminole Wars Era (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Fowltown The Second Creek War and Removal in the Decatur County Area (here, next to this marker); General Andrew Jackson Trail (a few steps from this marker); Fort Scott Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The J.D. Chason Memorial Park / The J.D. Chason Memorial Park History (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Hughes (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Decatur County (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bainbridge.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 6, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 120 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 6, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.