Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Guardian of Winchester
In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia here in his second invasion of the North. On June 14, in the Second Battle of Winchester, Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps spearheaded Lee’s advance, forcing Milroy into the Winchester forts. Gen. Jubal A. Early’s division captured West Fort and shelled Star Fort, which fired in return. “The guns in the Star Fort greeted them,” wrote one of Milroy’s soldiers, “with shell after shell planted among them with astonishing precision.” Milroy withdrew that night. Most of his men surrendered at Stephenson’s Depot the next day, then were held temporarily
Star Fort figured prominently in the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, 1864, when detachments of Early’s cavalry and horse artillery held it to guard his army’s left flank. Union Col. James M. Schoonmaker’s cavalry brigade twice charged the fort, then dismounted and stormed it. Schoonmaker received the Medal of Honor for his actions.
Erected 2008 by Virginia Civil War Trails and Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1863.
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 39° 12.409′ N, 78° 9.87′ W. Marker was near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker was on Fortress Drive, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 508 Fortress Drive, Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Third Battle of Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker); Constructing Star Fort (about 300 feet Second Battle of Winchester (about 300 feet away); Civil War Earthworks (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Second Battle of Winchester (about 500 feet away); Lord Fairfax (approx. ¼ mile away); Fort Collier (approx. 0.6 miles away); George Washington in Winchester (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. On the lower left the marker features portraits of Gen. Robert H. Milroy, Gen. Jubal A. Early and Col. James M. Schoonmaker. On the upper right of the marker is a map detailing troop movements and positions during the Second Battle of Winchester.
Regarding Star Fort. The Star Fort site is owned by the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation and is in first phase of the restoration and interpretation of the site. The Foundation will be implementing the plan in the coming years with the goal of having the site open to the public by 2011.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers Discussing Star Fort
Also see . . . Senator James Murray Mason. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (Submitted on October 4, 2008.)
1. Marker no longer at this location
Star Fort is open to the public
— Submitted May 13, 2017, by William Glahn of Winchester, Virginia.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 4, 2008. This page has been viewed 4,534 times since then and 159 times this year. Last updated on May 14, 2018. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 4, 2008. 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 18, 2020, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.