Arcadia in Wayne County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
A Vast Enterprise
A Vast Enterprise
The Erie Canal was a vast commercial enterprise that required an army of men, women, and children to maintain and operate: surveyors, engineers, lock tenders, toll collectors, bridge operators, repair crews, and bank patrollers (whose job it was to find leaks in the canal bank), all earned their livelihoods working on the canal.
By 1845, an additional 25,000 people operated the 4,000 boats that plied the canal. Packets, barges cargo boats, and scows all had crews that included a captain, steersman, cook, deck hands, and hoggees (teamsters who drove mule teams pulling the boats).
This "army” of workers also required thousands of merchants, tavern keepers, hostellers, shopkeepers, liverymen, and less reputable sorts to feed, clothe, bathe, house, and see to all their needs.
[captions] Mule team pulling a string of barges at Newark. A barge near Newark, NY, c.1910. The Middle Lock at Newark. An arch-truss bridge near the Middle Lock at Newark. A quiet day on the canal at Newark, NY. A barge near Newark, NY.
Tales of Three Travelers
Written accounts of
Job Mattison, on the other hand, traveled on a less expensive, much slower freight boat ten years later. Mattison's reason for traveling the Canal also differed. Bound for a cousin's homestead in Wisconsin Territory, the 24-year-old Mattison was trying to decide if he should emigrate west with thousands of other Canal travelers.
What They Wrote
Like other American authors-James Fenimore Cooper, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Mark Twain - Hawthorne wrote about the Erie Canal.
"Surely, the water of this canal must be the most fertilizing of all fluids: for it causes towns - with their masses of brick and stone, their churches and theatres, their business and hubbub, their luxury and refinement, their gay dames and polished citizens - to spring up, till, in time, the wondrous stream may flow between two continuous lines of buildings, through one thronged street, from Buffalo to Albany."
In 1845, Job Mattison sent his family clipped shorthand
"Met 76 boats to day.... A Syracuse about 8 in the morning, the black legs [gambler] got five dollars of the red haired Englishman playing thimble.
The travel journal of Clarissa Burroughs included descriptions of New York landscapes and Canal infrastructure as well as life aboard a packet boat.
[captions] Nathaniel Hawthorne. George Harvey's 1837 watercolor "Pittsford on the Erie Canal", shows a packet boat filled with tourists and travellers pulled by horse team, a common scene in the early years of the Erie Canal.
Erected by New York State Canals.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, Music • Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Erie Canal series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1845.
Location. 43° 3.16′ N, 77° 7.602′ W. Marker is in Arcadia, New York, in Wayne County. Marker is at the intersection of West Shore Boulevard and Whitbeck Road, on the right when traveling east on West Shore Boulevard. Marker is in Harder Canal Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newark NY 14513, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rear Admiral Leslie E. Gehres (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Fox Sisters (approx. 1.6 miles away); The Birthplace of Modern Spiritualism (approx. 1.6 miles away); Joseph Miller (approx. 1.6 miles away); Arcadia War Memorial (approx. 1.7 miles away); In Memory of Those from This Community (approx. 1.7 miles away); Newark High School (approx. 1.8 miles away); Mora Motor Car (approx. 2.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Arcadia.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 23, 2018. It was originally submitted on May 23, 2018, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 193 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 23, 2018, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.