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Texas City in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City

 
 
Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, March 13, 2008
1. Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker
Inscription.  In the 1870s native Tejanos organized Sociedades Mutualistas, mutual aid societies designed to protect their interests from the growing Anglo population of Texas. Although most of the early settlers of this area were of English, French, and German descent, increasing numbers of Mexican immigrants arrived in 1893 when construction began on the city's port facilities. In 1910 the Texas City census revealed a significant Hispanic populace.

In March 1914, under the auspices of Texas City's Mexican consulate, the community established Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana (Mexican Mutual Aid Society), a descendant of the Sociedades Mutualistas. Members were offered such services as legal aid, refuge from discrimination and economic deprivation, social and cultural activities, financial loans, libraries, sickness and burial insurance, and adult education. The society's motto was "Union, Paz, y Trabajo" (Union, Peace, and Work).

While cities such as San Antonio and Corpus Christi had several societies, the memberships of which were mostly male with a few female auxiliaries, Texas City had only one. Most sociedades
Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, March 13, 2008
2. Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker
in Texas lasted until the Depression era. Descendants of the Sociedad in Texas City include the Comision Honorifica Mexicana (Honorable Mexican Commission) of the 1920s and 1930s and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), still strong in 1998. While LULAC is a civil rights-based organization, the Sociedad was primarily a labor rights group. The Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana was a significant element of Texas City's labor and industrial history.
 
Erected 1998 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 11890.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Civil RightsFraternal or Sororal OrganizationsHispanic AmericansLabor Unions.
 
Location. 29° 23.311′ N, 94° 54.146′ W. Marker is in Texas City, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker is at the intersection of 6th Street North (State Highway 197) and 4th Avenue North, on the right when traveling north on 6th Street North. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Texas City TX 77590, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Davison Home (approx. 0.4 miles away); Booker T. Washington School (approx. half a mile away); Anchor from Freighter Grand Camp (approx. 0.6 miles away); First Aero Squadron
Across the Street from Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, March 13, 2008
3. Across the Street from Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City
This anchor is in front of the Texas City Museum, directly across the street from the marker.
(approx. 0.6 miles away); Texas City Dike (approx. 0.6 miles away); Anchor Park (approx. 0.6 miles away); First Baptist Church of Texas City (approx. 0.9 miles away); William Jefferson Jones (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Texas City.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. League of United Latin Citizens (LULAC)
 
Also see . . .  Discussion of Mutualistas in Wikipedia. (Submitted on December 6, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 18, 2019. It was originally submitted on December 4, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 727 times since then and 38 times this year. Last updated on June 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos:   1. submitted on December 18, 2019, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   2, 3. submitted on December 4, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 26, 2020