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Fredericksburg in Gillespie County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

The Guardhouse

Army Discipline

 
 
The Guardhouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 23, 2018
1. The Guardhouse Marker
Inscription.  
This stone building, with walls eighteen inches thick, is the only original structure of Fort Martin Scott. It was built in 1849 out of native limestone, and served as the post’s guardhouse where soldiers were jailed for crimes and misbehavior.

Army discipline was strict and punishment for infractions was severe. In one court martial case, Private W. Walters was charged with desertion of his post. He was found guilty and sentenced to fifty lashes with a rawhide whip on his bare back, hard labor while tethered to a ball and chain, and suffered forfeiture of pay and allowances for six months. Another enlisted man, Private E. Hughes, was found guilty of habitual drunkenness. As punishment, he forfeited all pay, was branded with a two-inch letter “D” on his right hip, (thieves received a “T”), and was drummed out of the service.

Punishment differed dramatically between enlisted men and officers. Captain W. Saunders was charged with embezzlement of public funds and threatening a sergeant. He was found guilty of the latter charge and was only suspended from rank and command for two months and
The Guardhouse Marker (<i>tall view</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 23, 2018
2. The Guardhouse Marker (tall view)
publicly reprimanded.

Other punishments included fines, reductions in rank, hanging by the thumbs, wearing the barrel, dishonorable discharge, and confinement in the guardhouse.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts or CastlesLaw Enforcement.
 
Location. 30° 14.945′ N, 98° 50.714′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Texas, in Gillespie County. Marker can be reached from East Main Street 0.2 miles west of Heritage Hills Drive, on the right when traveling west. Marker is located within the Fort Martin Scott parade grounds. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1606 E Main St, Fredericksburg TX 78624, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Braeutigam Family (a few steps from this marker); The Sutler's Store (within shouting distance of this marker); The Natural Setting (within shouting distance of this marker); Uncovering the Past (within shouting distance of this marker); Peace with the Indians (within shouting distance of this marker); The Barracks (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Town and the Fort (about 400 feet away); The Comanche Indians (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
More about this marker. Fort Martin Scott is a restored United States Army outpost in Fredericksburg, Texas, that was active from 1848 until 1853. It was part of a line of frontier forts established to protect travelers and settlers within Texas. This marker is somewhat weathered and difficult to read.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Fort Martin Scott
 
Also see . . .
The Guardhouse Marker (<i>wide view; 1849 guardhouse in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 23, 2018
3. The Guardhouse Marker (wide view; 1849 guardhouse in background)

1. Fort Martin Scott. The guardhouse, made of cut limestone, is the only surviving building from the original fort, having been restored to its original design in the early 1990s. It was the Braeutigam’s homestead. The city of Fredericksburg bought the Fort Martin Scott property from the Braeutigam family. Among other highlights of the fort are the post commander’s quarters (formerly Braeutigam Garden), six buildings of officers’ housing, sutler’s store and warehouse, laundry, bakehouse with oven, military hospital, three sets of enlisted men’s barracks, quartermaster’s warehouse, a stable with barn, and a blacksmith shop. (Submitted on June 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Life on the Texas Frontier: Fort Martin Scott. The camp was laid out like a large, upside down letter "U." Two rows of buildings faced each other over a fifty-yard wide parade ground, approximately 100 yards long. The guardhouse connected the two lines of barracks and "Officers Row." (Submitted on June 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 11, 2018. It was originally submitted on June 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 95 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 9, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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