“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fredericksburg

Clickable Map of Gillespie County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Gillespie County, TX (117) Blanco County, TX (22) Kendall County, TX (34) Kerr County, TX (35) Kimble County, TX (42) Llano County, TX (31) Mason County, TX (22)  GillespieCounty(117) Gillespie County (117)  BlancoCounty(22) Blanco County (22)  KendallCounty(34) Kendall County (34)  KerrCounty(35) Kerr County (35)  KimbleCounty(42) Kimble County (42)  LlanoCounty(31) Llano County (31)  MasonCounty(22) Mason County (22)
Fredericksburg, Texas and Vicinity
    Gillespie County (117)
    Blanco County (22)
    Kendall County (34)
    Kerr County (35)
    Kimble County (42)
    Llano County (31)
    Mason County (22)
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1Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — A Lasting Friendship
During Fredericksburg’s 150th anniversary, we celebrate the enduring friendship between the Comanche Nation and the people of Gillespie County.      We honor the Comanches who helped to create and preserve this relationship and their descendants . . . — Map (db m94228) HM
2Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10011 — Bethany Lutheran Church
Early settlers in Fredericksburg worshiped together in a community church, the Vereins Kirche. On March 27, 1887, the Rev. John Heinzelmann and about 80 families organized a separate congregation known as Die Evangelische Kirche (The . . . — Map (db m35863) HM
3Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10090 — Birthplace of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN
Typical early Fredericksburg home built 1866 by Carl Basse. Property of the Henke family since 1873. Heinrich Henke, early settler, Confederate freighter, had butcher counter on front porch; meat processing was done in back yard; there the horses . . . — Map (db m94092) HM
4Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10017 — Cherry Spring Schoolhouse
School classes for the children of German immigrants in the Cherry Spring community were held in homes until 1885, when this limestone schoolhouse was completed on land donated by H. Bratherich. On dedication day, students formed a parade to the new . . . — Map (db m91632) HM
5Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10018 — Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church
German Lutherans in the community of Cherry Spring began meeting together for worship in the 1850s. Diedrich Rode (1828-1925), a licensed lay minister, provided space in his home for worship services and Sunday school. Christ Church congregation was . . . — Map (db m91642) HM
6Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10019 — Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
Several black families were residing in Gillespie County by the 1870s. A schoolhouse was built in 1877 on property adjacent to this later church site. Blacks probably met in the school for worship services before this church was completed 10 years . . . — Map (db m111261) HM
7Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Commanding the Fort
The Commanding Officer was the highest ranking officer on this frontier post. As such, his life was a mixture of meager privileges and grave responsibility. The commanding officer was entrusted with the security and defense of the post and, . . . — Map (db m122976) HM
8Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10021 — County Jail of 1885
This two-story stone structure served as the fourth jail for Gillespie County, organized in 1848. It was constructed by the firm of C.F. Priess and Bro. in 1885. The ground floor housed a holding area and living quarters for the jailer. The second . . . — Map (db m94291) HM
9Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10022 — Crabapple School
German immigrants who came to Fredericksburg in the late 1840s and who later settled in this area erected a native limestone school which opened in 1878 with about 40 students. The land was donated by farmer Mathias Schmidt who according to local . . . — Map (db m91631) HM
10Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10025 — Cross Mountain
This marl and limestone hill, elevation 1,915 feet, was an Indian signal point, advancing news of the intrusions of white settlers. The hill was first recorded and described by the German geologist, Dr. Ferdinand Roemer in 1847. A timber cross found . . . — Map (db m71921) HM
11Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10104 — Diedrich Rode Complex
This group of building was constructed by German native Diedrich Rode (1828-1905). The three-story limestone residence was completed in 1880 and featured a third floor storage area for wool and cotton produced on the land. A Lutheran, Rode served as . . . — Map (db m91644) HM
12Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10029 — Domino Parlor
The original part of this stone structure containing a cellar with a vault ceiling, was built in the early 1850s on property owned by John Schmidtzinsky, a pioneer area settler. Once used as a pharmacy, it housed H. R. Richter's Jewelry store in the . . . — Map (db m61849) HM
13Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Early History of Fredericksburg, Texas
Fredericksburg, the county seat of Gillespie County, is steeped in history. 1846 Deriving its name from Prince Frederick of Prussia, this Texas town was founded on May 8, 1846, by 120 German immigrants under the auspices of the . . . — Map (db m94093) HM
14Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Fairwater of USS Pintado (SS-387) — [National Museum of the Pacific War] —
Pintado made six war patrols in enemy waters, during which she disposed of five naval vessels and ten merchantmen of the Empire of Japan, sunk or otherwise disabled, totaling 132,900 tons of enemy shipping. During her fifth patrol, she . . . — Map (db m42424) HM
15Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10120 — Felix Van Der Stucken Home
The original one-story section of this residence was constructed by Felix Van Der Stucken (1833-1912) soon after he purchased the site in 1864. The two-story addition was completed later. A native of Belgium, Van Der Stucken operated a nearby . . . — Map (db m156241) HM
16Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10038 — First Methodist Churchof Fredericksburg
Oldest Methodist church in the Hill Country. Founded 1849 as a German mission by the Rev. Eduard Schneider. The charter members: Melchior and Rosine Bauer; Johann and Margaretha Durst; Friedrich and Sophie Ellebracht; Ernst and Dorothea Houy; . . . — Map (db m135089) HM
17Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Frank Valentin Van Der Stucken(1858 - 1929)
... was born in Fredericksburg, Texas on October 16, 1858. Anxiety about the Civil War caused the family to return to their native city of Antwerp, Belgium. There young Frank studied music under masters and made his first public debut of his . . . — Map (db m94229) HM
18Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10116 — General E. Kirby Smith, C.S.A.Texas Rancher — (1824-1893) —
Born in Florida. Graduated from West Point. Fought in Mexican War. On the Texas frontier in the 1850s, commanded Camps Belknap, Cooper and Colorado. In 1860 and many years afterwards was a partner of J. M. Hunter of Fredericksburg in a . . . — Map (db m117735) HM
19Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10044 — Gillespie County
The trails of roving Indians crossed these hills Settled by German pioneers in 1846 A group of Mormons settled at Zodiac in 1847. Created February 23, 1848 Organized June 5, 1848 Named for Richard Addison Gillespie A Texan . . . — Map (db m94337) HM
20Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Gillespie County Armed Services Memorial
“I bore you on eagle wings and brought you unto myself” Dedicated to all Gillespie County citizens who gave their life in the armed services of our country World War I Louis J. Jordan • Henry Koch • Edward H. . . . — Map (db m94230) WM
21Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Gillespie County Country Schools 1846 to 1970'sGillespie County Country Schools Trail
From 1846 to the 1970’s, forty-four school districts served the educational needs of the children of Gillespie County. This marker honors the history of public education in Gillespie County and the Vereins Kirche, the first public school established . . . — Map (db m94226) HM
22Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10049 — Guenther's Live Oak Mill
By 1848, Carl Hilmar Guenther (1826-1902), master millwright, had completed his apprenticeship in Germany and immigrated to the U.S.. In search of opportunities and a good grist mill site, he journeyed south from Wisconsin to New Orleans, and then . . . — Map (db m135095) HM
23Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Gun Cap Factory
In the Civil War, at this site, E. Krauskopf, gunsmith, and Adolph Lungkwitz, silversmith, made gun caps. Inventing machinery, they rolled copper thin and cut it to cap-size pieces saltpetre and quicksilver went into the caps, to detonate rifle . . . — Map (db m157151) HM
24Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10056 — Holy Ghost (Heilige Geist) Evangelical Protestant Church
This congregation traces its origins to the first Protestant services held in Fredericksburg by the Rev. Henry Basse in 1846. Members worshiped at the old Vereins Kirche until 1888 when Carl Priess gave this lot for a new building. The first portion . . . — Map (db m94293) HM
25Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — In Memory of Otfrid Hans Freiherr von MeusebachBorn at Dillenburg, Nassau, Germany — May 26, 1812 —
Commissioner-General of the Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas who became a citizen of the Republic of Texas under the name of John O. Meusebach. Founder of Fredericksburg on May 8, 1846. On March 1-2, 1847, he . . . — Map (db m35893) HM
26Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Jacob BrodbeckFather of U.S. Aviation — 1821 - 1910 —
Born and educated in Plattenhardt, Germany. Came to Texas in 1846 and settled in Gillespie County. He became the second school teacher of the Vereins Kirche. He was also involved in the development of Gillespie County by serving as county surveyor, . . . — Map (db m94227) HM
27Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10084 — John O. Meusebach(1812 - 1897)
To be a Texan, Meusebach gave up title of baron in 1845. As commissioner-general, German-Emigration Company, he founded Fredericksburg in 1846 as gateway to Fisher-Miller land grant, hunting ground of the Comanche. By emptying his firearms, he won . . . — Map (db m91648) HM
28Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 17349 — Klingelhoeffer House
​ Johann Jost Klingelhoeffer left Europe in 1846 seeking freedom and economic opportunities. The family sailed to the port of Indianola then traveled to New Braunfels before arriving in Fredericksburg. It is believed that Klingelhoeffer built . . . — Map (db m157106) HM
29Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10067 — Kloth-Ludwig Home
This limestone building was constructed about 1870 when the property was owned by John Adams Alberthal. It was designed with a commercial area on the front and a two-story residential section in the back. Christian Kloth purchased the home in 1878, . . . — Map (db m111262) HM
30Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Lasting Friendshipby J. Hester — Pioneer Garden —
John O. Meusebach, German settler and founder of Fredericksburg, and Penatuka Comanche chief, Santanna share a peace pipe on May 7, 1847, at the signing of the treaty between the People of Fredericksburg and the Comanche Nation. The standing . . . — Map (db m35884) HM
31Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10072 — Loeffler - Weber House
Log room and loft were built by German emigrant Gerhard Rorig as his home in first winter of Fredericksburg's existence, 1846- 47. Noted cabinetmaker Johann Martin Loeffler added typical rock and half-timber rooms and cooking fireplace, 1867; his . . . — Map (db m157148) HM
32Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Lt. Col. Jack K. Lee Fallen Hero’s Memorial
Lt. Col. Jack K. Lee Fallen Hero’s Memorial U.S. Air Force Nov. 16, 1924 - Aug. 5, 2004 WWII - Korea - Viet Nam For God and Country Capt. Andrew R. Houghton A Troop, 3rd Plt., 1st Sqd., 4th U.S. Cav., 1st Inf. Div., U.S. . . . — Map (db m94094) WM
33Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Main Mast from Destroyer USS Foote (DD-511)
The main mast of the USS Foote (DD-511) mounts the SC-1 air and surface search radar known as the “bedspring”. USS Foote (DD-511), a Fletcher-class destroyer, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rear Admiral . . . — Map (db m94294) HM
34Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10079 — Market Square (Marktplatz)
This Square, originally a two-block area which included what is now called the Courthouse Square, has been at the center of Fredericksburg since the city's founding in 1846. The area was still heavily forested when the town's Vereins Kirche . . . — Map (db m35862) HM
35Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10081 — Meckel - Hanus Building
Saddle and harness merchant Henry Meckel (1855-1909) acquired this property in 1886 and soon made improvements to a one-story, ca. 1860 stone house already on the lot. A second level of concrete blocks and a double gallery of milled wood were . . . — Map (db m157157) HM
36Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10087 — Mosel-Jorden-Duecker Haus
Johann Nicholas Mosel (1839-1904) was granted a 100’ x 200’ lot in Fredericksburg by the German Emigration Company in 1847. Here he built a rough limestone structure (now the northeast rooms), which might have served later as a Sunday house when he . . . — Map (db m94292) HM
37Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10083 — Mueller-Petmecky House
The original portion of this house probably was built between 1848 and 1850 by Willis Wallace, who was granted the land by the German Immigration Company. Of fachwerk construction, the two-room home later was acquired by German farmer Heinrich . . . — Map (db m111263) HM
38Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10089 — Nimitz Hotel — [National Museum of the Pacific War] —
This property was purchased by Charles Henry Nimitz, Sr., in 1855. By 1860 the Nimitz Hotel was established, hosting frontier travelers and providing a home for the large Nimitz family. Expanded in the 1870s to feature a steamboat shaped facade, . . . — Map (db m42425) HM
39Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Officers Row
Soldiers lived a rough life on the Texas frontier. Even though rank had its privileges, Fort Martin Scott offered few amenities. Private quarters and privies were the only noticeable luxuries officers enjoyed at the fort. There were six . . . — Map (db m118454) HM
40Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10014 — Old Central Drugstore
​ Alphons Walter (1866-1957), a Swiss-born jeweler and watchmaker, had this 2-story building erected in 1905. He sold the property in 1909 to Robert G. Striegler (1874-1934), a noted Fredericksburg civic leader who operated the Central . . . — Map (db m155634) HM
41Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10016 — Old Cherry Spring SchoolDas Alte Schulhaus
The Cherry Spring community was founded by German immigrants about 1850. Classes for schoolchildren were held in private homes. In 1859 German nobleman Wilhelm Marschall von Bieberstein deeded ten acres of land to L. Schneider, H. Bradhering, W. . . . — Map (db m91645) HM
42Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10045 — Old Gillespie County Courthouse
Erected 1881-1882 in term of County Judge Wm. Wahrmund and Commissioners J. Dechert, F. Kneese, J. Larson and J.P. Mosel. Architect was Alfred Giles.      Native limestone structure is distinctive in fine balance and symmetry. Second courthouse . . . — Map (db m94289) HM
43Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10064 — Old Kammlah House
Four front rooms with outside stair to attic built 1849 by German settler Henry Kammlah I smokehouse and rooms at rear added 1875. Old world technique of wall plaster over woven twig supports used in interior. Henry Kammlah II and wife Amelia, . . . — Map (db m157158) HM
44Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 15401 — Old St. Mary's Church (Die Alte Kirche)
St. Mary's Parish dates to 1846 with the arrival of German settlers in Fredercksburg. Construction of this building, which replaced an earlier log structure, was completed in 1863 during the pastorate of the Rev. Peter Baunach. It served as the . . . — Map (db m156243) HM
45Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Peace with the Indians
Several bands of Comanche and Lipan Apache Indians lived in the region of Texas in which the Germans established Fredericksburg. Interaction between the German immigrants and the Native Americans was inevitable and potentially hostile. The . . . — Map (db m118487) HM
46Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10096 — Pinta Trail
Origin of the Pinta Trail is attributed to nomadic Plains Indian tribes. Early Spanish and Mexican expeditions followed the general route of the trail, which extended from San Antonio de Bexar to the San Saba River near present Menard. A survey by . . . — Map (db m126960) HM
47Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10110 — Pioneer Schandua House
Built before 1880, this house was purchased by John Schandua, a local merchant, shortly after his marriage to Bertha (Klein) in 1883. The front room, called "die stube", served as a bedroom and living area. The back room was used as a bedroom for . . . — Map (db m88111) HM
48Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10039 — Site of Fort Martin Scott
Established by the United States Army December 5, 1848 as a protection to travelers and settlers against Indian attack. Named in honor of Major Martin Scott, Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, 5th United States Infantry, killed at Molino . . . — Map (db m126961) HM
49Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10106 — St. John's Lutheran Church
Pioneer families of Crabapple organized this church in the 1880s. Members met in a school building before erecting this sanctuary in 1897. Elder Julius Rusche supervised the design, carpentry, and native limestone masonry construction. An excellent . . . — Map (db m91630) HM
50Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 14697 — St. Mary's Catholic Church
Rapid membership growth during the late 19th century prompted St. Mary's Church to complete plans for a new sanctuary in 1901. This Gothic-inspired native stone structure was designed by prominent San Antonio architect Leo M. Dielmann and built by . . . — Map (db m156245) HM
51Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 13316 — St. Paul Lutheran Cemetery
​ In November 1883, residents of the North Grape Creek community, later known as Cave Creek, formed a German Lutheran congregation, which they named St. Paulus Evangelische Gemeinde an Nord Grape Creek. Conrad Herbort gave land for a . . . — Map (db m155682) HM
52Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10107 — St. Paul Lutheran Church
​ Oldest rural Lutheran church in Gillespie County. The Rev. M. Haag served as first pastor. Charter members numbered 17.  A frame building with walls of rough boxing planks was dedicated June 22, 1884. Size: 25 x 30 feet with a 40-foot . . . — Map (db m155681) HM
53Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The BarracksEnlisted Men at Fort Martin Scott
Hot and crowded in the summer, cold and drafty in the winter, the enlisted men's quarters faced north and were across the parade ground from Officer's Row. Each of the four sparsely furnished barracks had three rooms and could house a company . . . — Map (db m118504) HM
54Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The Braeutigam Family
In 1870, seventeen years after the Army decommissioned and abandoned Fort Martin Scott, Johann Wolfgang Braeutigam bought the 640 acre property from John Twohig for $1,650. With several of the original buildings in decline, Braeutigam set . . . — Map (db m118473) HM
55Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The Comanche Indians
Throughout the 1700s, the Comanche Indians continually thwarted the imperial efforts of the Spaniards, who moved north from Mexico in an attempt to claim the Great Plains. After horses entered Comanche culture, a company of Spanish infantry . . . — Map (db m118469) HM
56Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10033 — The Easter Fires
Blazing on the hills around Fredericksburg each Easter eve, combined with a local pageant these fires recall an old tale. In March 1847, when Comanches and whites signed a major peace treaty, the Indians lighted huge signal fires on these . . . — Map (db m88112) HM
57Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10048 — The Grapetown School
In 1882, Frederick Baag donated this tract of land for the third Grapetown schoolhouse. Completed in 1884, the structure was built with labor and materials donated by the community. All seven grades were taught by one teacher. In 1905, the facility . . . — Map (db m71924) HM
58Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The GuardhouseArmy Discipline
This stone building, with walls eighteen inches thick, is the only original structure of Fort Martin Scott. It was built in 1849 out of native limestone, and served as the post’s guardhouse where soldiers were jailed for crimes and . . . — Map (db m118503) HM
59Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10080 — The Marschall - Meusebach Cemetery
Members of the families of two former German noblemen, related by marriage, are buried in this cemetery. John O. Meusebach (1812-97), who came to the Republic of Texas in 1845 as leader of the German Emigration Company, established (1846) the town . . . — Map (db m91647) HM
60Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10082 — The Meinhardt-Pfeil Home
The original section of this two-story limestone residence was constructed about 1850 by pioneer area settlers Albert and Doris Meinhardt. A widow in 1879, Doris sold the property to her former son-in-law G. Adolph Pfeil (d. 1926), a local cotton . . . — Map (db m94290) HM
61Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The Natural Setting
Of the first soldiers to arrive at Fort Martin Scott, none were natives of Texas. Many came from eastern states or were from Europe. Having traded familiar surroundings for the Texas wilderness, soldiers could identify with the newly arrived . . . — Map (db m118477) HM
62Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10109 — The Schandua Building
Erected in 1897 of hand-hewn limestone, this structure was the home of John (d. 1900) and Bertha (Klein) Schandua (d. 1943). They lived upstairs with their children and John's hardware store was downstairs. For a time, the Masonic Lodge met upstairs . . . — Map (db m88109) HM
63Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The Sutler's Store
At the height of activity at Fort Martin Scott, the post accommodated up to three hundred soldiers. Of the fort’s twenty buildings, the sutler’s store was among the most important to the soldiers. The sutler was a civilian merchant, licensed . . . — Map (db m118502) HM
64Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — The Town and the Fort
During their first years in Fredericksburg, the German settlers suffered terribly from poverty, hunger and disease. Fort Martin Scott proved to be the economic boon early Fredericksburg desperately needed. Local teamsters hauled wagonloads of . . . — Map (db m118460) HM
65Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — Uncovering the Past
For one week in May, 1986, archaeologists from the Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Texas at San Antonio conducted a dig at Fort Martin Scott to locate foundations of the original buildings. Some of the foundations of . . . — Map (db m118475) HM
66Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10123 — Vereins Kirche
[Seal of the Texas State Historical Survey Committee] [Panel 1:] Church for all denominations, school and community hall. Built, summer 1847, after the Comanche peace treaty made by John O. Meusebach, Commissioner, German Emigration . . . — Map (db m35864) HM
67Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10127 — Walch Home
In 1845, Johan (John) Joseph Walch (1828-1914) migrated to Texas from Germany. In 1847 he settled in Fredericksburg, where he worked as a stonemason. Before Walch married Wilhelmine Gaertner in 1851, he erected a two-room limestone house on this . . . — Map (db m33045) HM
68Texas (Gillespie County), Fredericksburg — 10132 — Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church
Built 1853 by Congregation, hewing wood by hand; quarrying native limestone; Swiss Missionary Pastor serving as night foreman at lime kiln. Texas Hill Country's oldest Lutheran Church, stills enclosed in original walls. Recorded Texas . . . — Map (db m157149) HM
69Texas (Kendall County), Fredericksburg — Welcome to the Old Tunnel
From May to October, Old Tunnel Wildlife Management Area is home to about 3 million Mexican free-tailed bats and 3,000 Cave myotis bats. Each night during this time, the bats spiral upwards once or twice outside the tunnel entrance before streaming . . . — Map (db m71923) HM
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Oct. 20, 2020