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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Lowman in Boise County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
 

CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage

 
 
CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage panel image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2018
1. CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage panel
Inscription.  (Three panels make up this marker:)

In the 1930s, Gallagher CCC widened and surfaced this road, built Scott Mountain Road, developed Hot Springs and Pine Flat Campgrounds, erected fences to control livestock grazing, fought fires, and built the Gallagher Flat Ranger Station, the foundation which you see on the flat below.
In fact everything shown in free on this map was built by the CCC's working within the Payette River drainage. Some of these developments are no longer intact.

CCC: Roosevelt's Tree Army

Here at Gallagher Flat, the Civilian Conservation Corps, "CCC." helped shape the National Forest System. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's most popular New Deal program, the CCC responded to the Great Depression of the 1930s. This "Tree Army" employed and trained young men to conserve and develop the nation's natural resources.

What Happened When?
1933 -- Roosevelt created CCC by executive order, to provide jobs and stimulate nation's economy; Gallagher Camp F-66 opens.
1935 -- National CCC enrollment peaks at 500,000 men
CCC: Roosevelt's Tree Army panel image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2018
2. CCC: Roosevelt's Tree Army panel
Caption: Enrollee Chet Wozniak took this photograph of Gallagher Camp F-66 and Gallagher Flat Ranger Station in 1937.
in 2,600 camps nationwide. Gallagher Camp enrolls 200 men from New Jersey, Missouri, New York and Idaho.
1937 -- Congress rejects proposal for a permanent CCC; Gallagher Camp enrollment reduced to 150 men. Over 1,500 enrollees have been employed since 1933.
1939 -- World War II begins with German invasion of Poland; Gallagher Flat camp closed and is dismantled.
1941 -- U.S. enters World War II, military service and the wartime economy produce full employment. One year later, the CCC program ends.

Do We Need a New CCC?
Could the CCC help us meet the environmental, social, and economic challenges we face today?

The Cs is the young man's best friend when he is out of a job ad low in spirit... Donald Tanaova, Gallagher Flat CCC enrollee, 1939

"We Can Take It!"
was the motto of the CCC enrollees who lived on the flat below from 1933-1939

A Day in the Life...
CC life resembled life in the military: the day began with reveille. Enrollees then washed, exercised, marched to the mess hall for breakfast and worked all day. In the evening, they returned to camp, showered, attended flag retreat, and ate supper. Despite the hard work and repetitive schedule, the urban enrollees found the experience a great adventure. For many of these young men,
"We Can Take It!" panel image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2018
3. "We Can Take It!" panel
ages 18 to 25, this was the first trip away from home, and their first trip to the rugged mountains of the American West.

The Rewards: "Three Hots and a Flop"
Enrollees earned $36.00 per month, $25.00 of which they sent back home to their families. They were provided three hot meals per day, housing, uniforms, and medical care. As growing young men, underfed during the Great Depression, abundance of food on the mess hall tables stands out in the memory of those who worked in the field.

After Work
Gallagher Camp offered classes in academic and vocational subjects such as auto mechanics, surveying, carpentry and sheet metal working. Enrollees also studied photography, business law, journalism, and a host of other correspondence courses.
Sports were a popular activity. As part of the Pioneer League, Gallagher and other CCC teams competed in basketball, baseball and boxing.
 
Erected by U.S. Forest Service, Boise National Forest.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Charity & Public WorkMan-Made Features. In addition, it is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the Former U.S. Presidents: #32 Franklin D. Roosevelt series lists.
 
Location. 44° 4.62′ 
CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2018
4. CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage Marker
N, 115° 47.004′ W. Marker is near Lowman, Idaho, in Boise County. Marker is on Banks Lowman Road (State Highway 17) near Forest Road 555, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lowman ID 83637, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Impounded Payette (approx. 4.1 miles away); Snake Brigades & "Fur Deserts" (approx. 6.9 miles away); Lowman (approx. 8.6 miles away); It Happened One Summer (approx. 8.8 miles away); Life in a Fire Camp (approx. 9.2 miles away); A Community in Trouble (approx. 9.2 miles away); Henrietta Penrod Museum (approx. 12.3 miles away); Boise Basin Mercantile Museum (approx. 12.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lowman.
 
CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2018
5. CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 25, 2018. It was originally submitted on June 25, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 116 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 25, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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Aug. 12, 2020