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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pluma in Lawrence County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route

 
 
Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 12, 2018
1. Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route Marker
Inscription.  From 1876 to 1887, the Cheyenne and Deadwood Stage Route connected the Union Pacific Railroad with the gold mining regions in the Black Hills of Dakota Territory. A portion of this route once passed the location before you. In its heyday, this route was approximately 350 miles long and took up to 50 hours to travel one way. Though the route only lasted eleven years, thousands of passengers, tons of freight and millions of dollars in gold travelled along the trail. The Cheyenne and Black Hills Stage and Express Company became one of the primary companies who managed the different routes that were once part of the trail system. An original stagecoach that once transversed the Cheyenne and Deadwood Stage Route is on permanent display at the Days of 76 Museum in Deadwood.

Bandits and road agents were a constant threat along this route. One of the most notorious hold-ups occurred approximately two miles from this interpretive sign along todays US Highway 385 South. On the night of March 25, 1877, five masked road agents attempted to hold up the Cheyenne and Black Hills stage coach. Newspaper accounts of the day stated that, ”in the
Marker detail: 1878 mineral survey plat map of Gold Run and US Highways 85/385 (Pluma) image. Click for full size.
By Bureau of Land Management, Billings, Montana Field Office
2. Marker detail: 1878 mineral survey plat map of Gold Run and US Highways 85/385 (Pluma)
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commotion to stop the stagecoach, driver Johnny Slaughter was shot and killed by Robert McKimie, alias “Little Reddy, from Texas"
. One year later, McKimie was apprehended by none other than frontier lawman Seth Bullock in Hillsboro, Ohio. Before McKimie was identified as the murderer, the adjacent warrant poster was dispersed throughout Dakota Territory.

This interpretative panel was developed using funds from the 2014 - 2016 South Dakota Department of Transportation US Highway 85 reconstruction project.

 
Erected by The Deadwood Historic Preservation Commission.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical date for this entry is March 25, 1877.
 
Location. 44° 21.6′ N, 103° 44.315′ W. Marker is in Pluma, South Dakota, in Lawrence County. Marker is on CanAm Highway (U.S. 85) north of U.S. 385, on the left when traveling north. Marker is located beside the Mickelson Trail, on the west side of the highway, adjacent to the Pluma, South Dakota Visitor Center parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Deadwood SD 57732, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. George S. Mickelson Trail (a few steps from this marker); Flooding & The Railroads (within shouting distance of this marker);
Marker detail: Replica Cheyenne and Deadwood stage coach on display at the Days of '76 Museum image. Click for full size.
City of Deadwood Archives
3. Marker detail: Replica Cheyenne and Deadwood stage coach on display at the Days of '76 Museum
Good Roads Movement & Lawrence County (within shouting distance of this marker); Pluma: Right Place, Right Time (within shouting distance of this marker); Pluma's Power Plants (within shouting distance of this marker); Track or Trail: Sweat Equity Played a Role (approx. 0.8 miles away); McGovern Hill (approx. 0.9 miles away); Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad Yard (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pluma.
 
More about this marker. Marker is a large composite plaque, mounted horizontally on two waist-high posts.
 
Also see . . .
1. History of the Cheyenne & Black Hills Stage Line (1876-1886). Though the stageline was more familiarly called the Deadwood Stage, it was officially called the Cheyenne & Black Hills Stage. It was established in 1876 by Red Cloud Agency trader, Captain F. D. “Frank” Yates and his father-in-law, W. H. Brown, who formed F. D. Yates and Co. Though several attempts had been made prior to this time to establish a route from Cheyenne, Wyoming to Deadwood, South Dakota, but no one had been successful due to the many Indian attacks. However, Yates was successful and the first stage was run on September 25, 1876. (Submitted on August 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Marker detail: 1877 warrant poster for the murderers of Johnny Slaughter along the Cheyenne and Dead image. Click for full size.
City of Deadwood Archives
4. Marker detail: 1877 warrant poster for the murderers of Johnny Slaughter along the Cheyenne and Dead
 

2. History Cheyenne-Deadwood Stageline. The trail connected the Union Pacific Railroad in Cheyenne with the gold mining region in the Black Hills of Dakota Territory. Nine passengers could be accommodated inside the coach. The line used both smaller coaches drawn by four horses and giant 18-passenger coaches pulled by six horses. Horses were changed every lOO miles or so, making it necessary to establish a number of stations along an established route. (Submitted on August 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route Marker (<i>tall view; Pluma Visitor Center parking lot behind</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 12, 2018
5. Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route Marker (tall view; Pluma Visitor Center parking lot behind)
Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route Marker (<i>wide view; Pluma Visitor Center in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 12, 2018
6. Cheyenne & Deadwood Stage Route Marker (wide view; Pluma Visitor Center in background)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 4, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 239 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 4, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 5, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 21, 2021