Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centro Histórico, Ciudad de México, Mexico — The Valley of Mexico (The Central Highlands)
 

The Basin of Mexico

 
 
The Basin of Mexico Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
1. The Basin of Mexico Marker
Inscription.  

La Cuenca de México
Esta región ha estado habitada desde tiempos muy antiguos debido a su abundancia en recursos naturales. La majestuosa Sierra Nevada y sus imponentes volcanes, Iztaccíhuatl y Popocatépetl, se encuentran al oriente. Las serranías más bajas, de Pachuca y Tezontlalpan, constituyen el paso natural del extremo norte. Las sierras de Chichinauhtzin y de Las Cruces forman un cerco que va de poniente a sur.

Abundantes bosques de pino cubrían sus laderas, donde serpenteaban ríos que alimentaban los mantos acuíferos. Los lagos salinos de Xaltocan, Zumpango y Texcoco se extendían al norte, mientras la vital agua dulce de Chalco-Xochimilco, reposaba en el sur. Allí la vida silvestre, colmada de aves, peces, ajolotes, tules y algas, fue la riqueza natural que durante siglos sustentó a sus habitantes.

En 1521 varios asentamientos humanos ocupaban la zona, Tenochtitlan resaltaba entre ellos, al encontrarse en una isla conectada a tierra firme por medio de calzadas.

English:
The Basin of Mexico
This region has been inhabited since ancient times given its plentiful
The Basin of Mexico Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
2. The Basin of Mexico Marker
The marker is repeated on two sides of the display of the Basin of Mexico.
Click or scan to see
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natural resources. The majestic Sierra Nevada and its impressive volcanoes, Iztaccihuatl and Popocatépetl, stand to the east. The lower ranges of Pachuca and Tezontlalpan are a natural pass to the north. The sierras of Chichinauhtzin and Las Cruces form a fence running west to south.

Abundant pine forests covered their slopes, where winding rivers fed underground water sources. The saltwater lakes of Xaltocan, Zumpango, and Texcoco extended northward, while the vital freshwater of Chalco-Xochimilco lay to the south. The wildlife there, teeming with birds, fish, axolotls, bulrushes, and algae, constituted the natural wealth that sustained its inhabitants for centuries.

By 1521 the zone had a number of human settlements. Tenochtitlan stood out from among them, for it was built on an island connected to the shore by causeways. It is estimated that 150 to 200 thousand people lived in the city.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraEnvironmentSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1521.
 
Location. 19° 26.071′ N, 99° 7.926′ W. Marker is in Centro Histórico, Ciudad de México. Marker is on Unnamed street just south of República de Guatemala, on the right when traveling north. The marker is on an unnamed pedestrian walkway which connects the Zócalo
The Basin of Mexico image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
3. The Basin of Mexico
This relief map shows how the area around Mexico City appeared in 1521 as described in the marker text. It is oriented with the top of the photo towards the north.
with República de Guatemala. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Centro Histórico, Ciudad de México 06000, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The City of Tenochtitlan (a few steps from this marker); The Sacred Precinct of Mexico-Tenochtitlan (within shouting distance of this marker); Pedestrian Bridge over the Templo Mayor (within shouting distance of this marker); Dr. Antonio Marquez G. (within shouting distance of this marker); Cuauhtémoc's Last Message (within shouting distance of this marker); The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Ignacio Luis Vallarta (about 120 meters away); House of Juan Engel (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centro Histórico.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 31, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 77 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 31, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.

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Apr. 20, 2021