Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centro Histórico, Ciudad de México, Mexico — The Valley of Mexico (The Central Highlands)
 

The City of Tenochtitlan

 
 
The City of Tenochtitlan Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
1. The City of Tenochtitlan Marker
Inscription.  

La Ciudad de Tenochtitlan
Al poniente del lago de Texcoco se fundaron las ciudades de Tenochtitlan, en 1325, y Tlatelolco, en 1337, sobre pequeños islotes. En 1428 Tenochtitlan era el centro politico de la Cuenca de México y se había consolidado como una urbe lacustre.

Se ingresaba en la ciudad por amplias calzadas construidas sobre el lago: al norte, la del Tepeyac; al sur la de Iztapalapa, y al poniente, la de Tacuba. Al centro se encontraba su recinto sagrado, donde se concentraban los edificios religiosos y politicos más importantes, sobresaliendo su Templo Mayor.

Se abastecia de agua potable utilizando acueductos desde Chapultepec y Churubusco, los cuales junto con calzadas, diques y compuertas, formaban un complejo sistema hidráulico que permitía la navegación en canoas en los lagos y la regulación del nivel de las aguas en época de lluvias. En la ciudad fue posible el tránsito en acequias o canales comunicados con el recinto sagrado, con los barrios y con las chinampas o tierras de cultivo, que fueron ganando terreno al lago.

English:
The City of Tenochtitlan
To
The City of Tenochtitlan Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
2. The City of Tenochtitlan Marker
The marker is repeated on two sides of the display of the City of Tenochtitlan.
Click or scan to see
this page online
the west of Lake Texcoco, the settlements of Mexico-Tlatelolco and Mexico-Tenochtitlan were founded on small islets. By 1428, Tenochtitlan was consolidated as a lake city and the preeminent political center in the Basin of Mexico.

The city was entered via wide causeways built on the lake: in the north from Tepeyac, in the south from Iztapalapa, and in the west from Tacuba. The sacred precinct stood in the center, where the foremost religious and political buildings were concentrated to highlight the Great Temple.

Drinking water was supplied by aqueducts from Chapultepec and Churubusco in a complex hydraulic system that included causeways, dikes, and floodgates, permitting navigation between the lakes in canoes and the regulation of water levels in the rainy season.

Within the city people traveled on irrigation channels and canals connecting the sacred precinct, the barrios, and the chinampas, artificially built up cultivated lands gained from the lake.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Man-Made FeaturesNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1325.
 
Location. 19° 26.08′ N, 99° 7.925′ W. Marker is in Centro Histórico, Ciudad de México. Marker is on Unnamed street just south of República de Guatemala, on the right when traveling
The City of Tenochtitlan image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
3. The City of Tenochtitlan
This map shows how the area of Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City, appeared prior to 1521 as described in the marker text. It is oriented with the top of the photo towards the north.
north. The marker is on an unnamed pedestrian walkway which connects the Zócalo with República de Guatemala. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Centro Histórico, Ciudad de México 06000, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Basin of Mexico (a few steps from this marker); The Sacred Precinct of Mexico-Tenochtitlan (a few steps from this marker); Pedestrian Bridge over the Templo Mayor (within shouting distance of this marker); Cuauhtémoc's Last Message (within shouting distance of this marker); Dr. Antonio Marquez G. (within shouting distance of this marker); Ignacio Luis Vallarta (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); House of Juan Engel (about 120 meters away); The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centro Histórico.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 31, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 82 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 31, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.

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Apr. 12, 2021