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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Mariano Matamoros

 
 
Mariano Matamoros Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
1. Mariano Matamoros Marker
Inscription.  

En esta casa nacio el Señor Cura de Jonacatepec, Teniente General Don Mariano Matamoros. Heroe de la Independencia Nacional.

English translation:
In this house was born the Priest of Jonacatepec, Lieutenant General Mariano Matamoros, Hero of National Independence.
 
Location. 19° 25.824′ N, 99° 7.754′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico. Memorial is at the intersection of Venustiano Carranza and Las Cruces, on the left when traveling east on Venustiano Carranza. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ciudad de Mexico 06000, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. José Fernando Ramírez (within shouting distance of this marker); House of Andés Quintana Roo and Leona Vicario (within shouting distance of this marker); General Ignacio Zaragoza (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Parish of Our Lady of the Valvanera (about 180 meters away); José María de Agreda y Sánchez (about 210 meters away); First Post Office in New Spain (approx. 0.2 kilometers away);
Mariano Matamoros Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, October 12, 2018
2. Mariano Matamoros Marker
Temple of Porta Coeli (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Hospital Amor de Dios (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Regarding Mariano Matamoros. Mariano Matamoros y Guridi (August 14, 1770 – February 3, 1814) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel soldier of the Mexican War of Independence, who fought for independence against Spain in the early 19th century.

Matamoros was born in Mexico City in 1770, where he studied art and theology during his youth. He finished his studies in art in 1786, was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest in 1796 and served in several churches around the city. During this time, he started to sympathize with rebellious issues and for this reason, he was jailed by the Spanish colonial authorities shortly after the war started. He managed to escape from prison and eventually joined the revolutionary army of José María Morelos in December 16 of 1811.

One day before the Izucar battle Morelos named him colonel and ordered to create his own forces, with the population of Jantetelco, Matamoros created two regiments of cavalry, 2 battalions of infantry and 1 of artillery, in total his forces were composed
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by 2000 men.

During the Siege of Cuautla from February 9 to May 2 of 1812, Morelos recognized Matamoro's ability in the battlefield and promoted him to the rank of lieutenant general, effectively becoming second on command of the army. One night Matamoros broke the siege and could join Miguel Bravo in Aculco. Once the siege was lifted, the campaign continued in Oaxaca, it was surrounded in November 25 of 1812. After Matamoros won some battles, first in Santo Domingo Tonalá against Manuel Lambrini followed by San Juan Coscomatepec and San Agustín del Palmar against the Asturias battalion.

Matamoros was in the Battle of Valladolid close to the city of Valladolid in Michoacán, the present day city of Morelia, where the Spanish army won. After the battle, on 5 January 1814, the army moved to Puruaran, Agustin de Iturbide attacked Morelos' army and it was a disaster. In the confusion Matamoros tried to escape crossing the river (close to Puruaran) but was captured by Eusebio Rodríguez, a soldier from the Frontera Battalion, who received 200 pesos and a promotion.

Allegedly Morelos offered 200 Spanish prisoners in exchange for Matamoros, but was turned down by the Spanish colonial authorities.

Matamoros was removed from the priesthood and tried for treason. He was executed by firing squad in Valladolid, Michoacán on February 3, 1814. Adapted from
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Wikipedia

 
Categories. Colonial EraWars, Non-US
 

More. Search the internet for Mariano Matamoros.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 31, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 31, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 46 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 31, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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