“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Johnson City in Washington County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Mountain Home National Cemetery

Mountain Home National Cemetery Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tom Bosse, November 8, 2018
1. Mountain Home National Cemetery Marker
National Home
The ninth of eleven branches of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers (NHDVS), the Mountain Branch was authorized in 1901. The first resident arrived in 1903, a year before the home officially opened. Civil War veterans were the largest population initially.

The sprawling complex in Johnson City, Tennessee covered some 400 acres. Architect Joseph H. Freelander designed the campus, which included administrative and hospital buildings, barracks, staff housing, mess hall, chapel, two lakes and a cemetery. The buildings were constructed in the Beaux Arts style using local timber, brick, and limestone.

Freelander’s plan remained unchanged until the care of World War I veterans required the construction of new facilities and repurposing of old buildings.

The National Homes were merged with the U.S. Veterans Bureau of Pensions to form the Veterans Administration (now U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) in 1930.

NHDVS Cemetery
The original 38-acre cemetery was established on the north side of the campus to bury National Home residents. On September 18, 1903, Francis Conaty,

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formerly a private in the 18th New York Infantry, became the first interment here. Sections A through H, which surround Monument Circle, are the oldest burial areas of the cemetery.

Medal of Honor Recipients
Three Civil War Medal of Honor recipients are buried here. First bestowed in 1863, it is the highest award for military valor in the U.S. Armed Services. For acts above and beyond the all of duty, 1,522 individuals who served in the Civil War received the medal.

Pvt. Henry G. Buhrman, 54th Ohio Infantry, was among a party of volunteers who stormed Confederate works at Vicksburg, Mississippi, May 22, 1863 (Section C, Grave 12).

Lt. Frederick Clarence Buck, 21st Connecticut Infantry, although wounded, refused to leave the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, Virginia, September 29, 1864 (Section F, Grave 9).

Seaman Thomas Smith, U.S.S. Magnolia, demonstrated coolness under fire in the assault at St. Marks, Florida, March 5-6, 1865 (Section G, Grave 3).

Walter Preston Brownlow
Walter Preston Brownlow, a prominent East Tennessee businessman, was the driving influence behind the NHDVS Mountain Branch. He worked in the newspaper business and served as postmaster at Jonesboro, Tennessee.

A Republican, Brownlow was elected to Congress in 1897, and went on to serve six continuous terms. He sat on the National Home Board of Managers from

Mountain Home National Cemetery Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tom Bosse, November 8, 2018
2. Mountain Home National Cemetery Marker
1902 until his death in 1910.

A large granite obelisk in Monument Circle marks the braves of Brownlow and his wife, Clayetta.
Erected by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs - National Cemetery Administration.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial SitesCharity & Public WorkWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Medal of Honor Recipients, and the National Cemeteries series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1901.
Location. 36° 18.664′ N, 82° 22.454′ W. Marker is in Johnson City, Tennessee, in Washington County. Marker is on Sunset Drive, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mountain Home TN 37684, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A National Cemetery System (a few steps from this marker); National Soldiers’ Home (approx. 0.2 miles away); William Nelson Home (approx. 0.3 miles away); Elbert Columbus "E.C." Miller (approx. 0.7 miles away); Johnson City (approx. 0.7 miles away); Desegregation of East Tennessee State College (University) (approx. ¾ mile away); Memorial Fountain (approx. ¾ mile away); Brush Creek Campground (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Johnson City.

Mountain Home National Cemetery image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tom Bosse, November 8, 2018
3. Mountain Home National Cemetery
Walter Preston Brownlow image. Click for full size.
4. Walter Preston Brownlow
Credits. This page was last revised on January 9, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 18, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 159 times since then and 30 times this year. Last updated on January 5, 2019, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 18, 2018, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 5, 2023