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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Livingston in Polk County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians

 
 
Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, January 12, 2019
1. Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians Marker
Inscription.  Alabama and Coushatta Indians of Polk County were trained as cavalrymen in 1861 by Indian Agent Robert R. Neyland as the war between the states advanced. In April 1862, nineteen Alabama and Coushatta, including Chief John Scott, enlisted in the Confederate Army as members of Company G, 24th Texas Cavalry. They trained in Hempstead, Texas, and in Arkansas, where their commander, General Thomas C. Hindman, converted them to infantrymen. After voicing displeasure with the change from cavalry to infantry duties, they were permitted to return to their Polk County homes to await further orders.

Following brief service in the Confederate Navy under Galveston Bay Commander W. W. Hunter, they were reorganized as a cavalry company in the 6th Brigade, 2nd Texas Infantry Division. In 1864 the company roster listed 132 men. Their primary job was to build and operate flat-bottomed boats (scows) to transport farm produce and other supplies needed by the Confederacy down the Trinity River to the port at Liberty, Texas.

Official correspondence of wartime Texas Governors Francis R. Lubbock and Pendleton Murrah refer to the Alabama and Coushatta
Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, January 12, 2019
2. Confederate Service of Alabama and Coushatta Indians Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
Indians' loyalty in their role as Confederate infantry, cavalry, and navy servicemen.
 
Erected 1994 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10388.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 30° 42.907′ N, 94° 40.422′ W. Marker is near Livingston, Texas, in Polk County. Marker is at the intersection of State Park Road 56 and Colabe Road, on the right when traveling south on State Park Road 56. Marker is located on the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation, just north of the Naskila Gaming casino. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1072 Colabe Road, Livingston TX 77351, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 17 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Village of the Alabama and Coushatti Indians (approx. 0.4 miles away); Indian Village (approx. 0.4 miles away); Midway Cemetery (approx. 2.7 miles away); Whitehead Home (approx. 12.9 miles away); E.C. Matthews Home (approx. 16.7 miles away); Moscow Male and Female Academy (approx. 16.7 miles away).
 
Nearby U. D. C. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, January 12, 2019
3. Nearby U. D. C. Marker
Presented to Alabama Coushatta
Indians in recognition of their
services to the Confederacy
by Robert E. Lee Chapter U.D.C.
No. 186, Houston, Texas
Aug. 3, 1937
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 14, 2019. It was originally submitted on January 14, 2019, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. This page has been viewed 149 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 14, 2019, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas.

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May. 12, 2021