“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Berkeley Springs in Morgan County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

Panorama Overlook

Washington Heritage Trail

Washington Heritage Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, September 28, 2008
1. Washington Heritage Trail Marker
Today's View
Panorama Overlook marks the north end of Cacapon Mountain's 30-mile march. Composed of Oriskany sandstone, it plunges nearly 1000 feet into the Potomac River which bends along the base of the Overlook as it heads downstream (to the right) toward the Chesapeake Bay. West Virginia is the near side of the river. Maryland is the farmland on the far side. Looking downstream, the hazy mountains in the distance (right) are in Pennsylvania. The jumbled mountains to the left mark the beginning of the Eastern Continental Divide.

The tiny hamlet along the West Virginia side of the Potomac is Great Cacapon. Much of its area was surveyed by a young George Washington. Just downstream from the town is the confluence of the wild and scenic Cacapon River, snaking north from its origin. Further upstream from the town, Washington owned riverfront acreage which he prized for its virgin walnut trees.

The scene encapsulates America's transportation history showing the C&O Canal on the Maryland side of the river and the B&O Railroad on the West Virginia side. Construction started on both on the same day in 1828.

View from Panorama Overlook image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, September 28, 2008
2. View from Panorama Overlook
Washington's View

Higher on Cacapon Mountain, Prospect Rock (also called Cacapon Rock) offers the same spectacular view. It was a favorite daytrip for visitors on horseback from colonial times to the early 20th century. Washington often rode here, fueling his vision of a way west and dreams for his Powtomack Navigation Company. Today the unique rock formations may be reached by a 12-mile fire road and flat hiking trail along the top of Cacapon Mountain accessed from Cacapon State Park and hiking trails from Coolfont Resort.

Over the years, the view from Panorama has been lauded by many including the following: Art Association rates Panorama view the 10th finest in the world; Museum of Natural History in New York rates Panorama view the 5th finest in the US; National Geographic called it the "Switzerland View of America." of the wildest, sublimest and most interesting views of mountain country interspersed with cultivated valleys and rivers, was to be seen, which our country afforded, rich as it was in scenery.
Lawrence Augustine Washington 1796
Erected by Travel Berkeley Springs.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureColonial Era
View from Panorama Overlook image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, September 28, 2008
3. View from Panorama Overlook
Industry & CommerceRailroads & StreetcarsRoads & VehiclesWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O), the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, the Former U.S. Presidents: #01 George Washington, and the West Virginia, Washington Heritage Trail series lists.
Location. 39° 37.36′ N, 78° 15.562′ W. Marker is in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, in Morgan County. Marker is on West Virginia Route 9, on the right when traveling west. Marker is across from restaurant at top of mountain. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Berkeley Springs WV 25411, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Prospect Peak (within shouting distance of this marker); Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sir John's Run (approx. 1.4 miles away); Great Cacapon (approx. 1.4 miles away); Frederick Duckwall, Jr. (approx. 1.6 miles away); Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer / Robert Townsen Hose
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(approx. 1.6 miles away); Windel Freshour (approx. 1.6 miles away); Robert Throckmorton, Jr. (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berkeley Springs.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 30, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 935 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 30, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.
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Aug. 10, 2020