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Mackinaw City in Cheboygan County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Fort Michilimackinac / Michilimackinac State Park

 
 
Fort Michilimackinac / Michilimackinac State Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 19, 2011
1. Fort Michilimackinac / Michilimackinac State Park Marker
Inscription.  
Fort Michilimackinac
Around 1715 Constant Le Marchand de Lignery established Fort Michilimackinac for the French at the site of a Jesuit mission. During the next fifty years as France and Great Britain struggled for control of the fur trade in the Great Lakes region, the fort expanded as a trading settlement and a military post. Soon after hostilities of the French and Indian War ceased, the British took control of the fort in the fall of 1761. Two years later local Chippewa (Ojibwa), angered by British policies, captured the fort as part of Pontiac’s Uprising. The British regained control in 1764. Between 1779 and 1781, during the American Revolution, the British built Fort Mackinac on nearby Mackinac Island and abandoned Fort Michilimackinac.

Michilimackinac State Park
The British military abandoned and burned Fort Michilimackinac in 1781. Set aside as part of a village park in 1857, the fort site was placed under the direction of the Mackinac Island State Park Commission in 1909. In 1933 the fort's stockade was rebuilt after the park custodian unearthed the foundations of the pallisade. Always popular,
Michilimackinac State Park Marker image. Click for full size.
By Joel Seewald, August 19, 2019
2. Michilimackinac State Park Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
especially among campers, the park saw visitation boom after the Mackinac Bridge opened in 1957. In 1959 professional archaeologists began investigating the site. Their findings prompted the dismantling of the stockade and reconstruction of the fort based on archaeological evidence. The excavation of Fort Michilimackinac is one of the longest ongoing archaeological projects in North America.

Michigan Historical Commission – Michigan Historical Center
Registered State Site No. 11, 2009
This marker is the property of the State of Michigan

 
Erected 2009 by Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center and Mackinac Island State Park Commission. (Marker Number S11.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyColonial EraForts and CastlesNative Americans. In addition, it is included in the Michigan Historical Commission, and the National Historic Landmarks series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1715.
 
Location. 45° 47.263′ N, 84° 43.889′ W. Marker is in Mackinaw City, Michigan, in Cheboygan County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Nicolet Street and North Huron Avenue, on the right when traveling
Fort Michilimackinac image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, November 26, 2004
3. Fort Michilimackinac
Previous marker
north. Marker is located along the Mackinaw City Historical Pathway, in Alexander Henry Park, just east of the Interstate 75 southern approach to the Mackinac Bridge. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 102 West Straits Avenue, Mackinaw City MI 49701, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mackinac Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Michigan's First Jewish Settler (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old Mackinac Point Lighthouse (about 500 feet away); Lighthouses of the Mackinac Straits (about 500 feet away); Fog Signal Station (about 600 feet away); Shipwrecks in the Straits (approx. 0.2 miles away); Crossroads of the Great Lakes (approx. 0.2 miles away); Building Mighty Mac (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mackinaw City.
 
Regarding Fort Michilimackinac / Michilimackinac State Park. National Historic Landmark (1962), and National Register of Historic Places #66000395 (1966).
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Michilimackinac Origin and Importance. Military History of the Upper Great Lakes entry:
When the fort was built, it stood 380 feet by 360 feet, and contained within its walls a parade ground, Commanding Officer’s house, Indian Council House, trader’s houses, guardhouse, and more. It was named after the Native American name for the area, Michilimackinac. The Fort was established as the end plan for a French expedition planning to return to the area after abandoning many Natives
Fort Michilimackinac / Michilimackinac State Park Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 19, 2011
4. Fort Michilimackinac / Michilimackinac State Park Marker (wide view)
and traders to establish present-day Detroit. (Submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Fort Michilimackinac. Wikipedia entry:
The primary purpose of the fort was as part of the French-Canadian trading post system, which stretched from the Atlantic Coast and the St. Lawrence River to the Great Lakes, and south to the Mississippi River through the Illinois Country. The fort served as a supply depot for traders in the western Great Lakes. (Submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. The Trade History of Fort Michilimackinac. Military History of the Upper Grawt Lakes entry:
Fort Michilimackinac played a pivotal role in the Northwestern fur trading industry from its founding in 1715, up to its abandonment in 1783 . (Submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

4. Fort Michilimackinac: National Register of Historic Places Nomination #66000395. NPGallery Digital Asset Management System entry:
This fort at the tip of Michigan's lower peninsula was originally constructed by the French, but was later occupied by the British. During the American Revolution it was the only manned British fort on the Great Lakes, and was not abandoned by them until 1781. (Submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Fort Michilimackinac Marker (<i>Henry Alexander Park & Mackinac Bridge in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 19, 2011
5. Fort Michilimackinac Marker (Henry Alexander Park & Mackinac Bridge in background)
National Register of Historic Places plaque<br>(<i>at park Visitor Center near marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 19, 2011
6. National Register of Historic Places plaque
(at park Visitor Center near marker)
Fort Michilimackinac

has been designated a
Registered National
Historic Landmark


Under the provisions of the
Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935
This site possesses exceptional value
in commemorating and illustrating
the history of the United States
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
1962
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 162 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2. submitted on October 18, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan.   3. submitted on December 18, 2020, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.   4, 5, 6. submitted on April 4, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Apr. 14, 2021