Alton in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Cost of Freedom
More people died during the Civil War than during any other war in U.S. history. An estimated 200 Union soldiers are buried at the Alton Cemetery.
More than three million fought in the Civil War. Two percent of the population—more than 620,000—died in it. A number of civilians and Union soldiers who died of disease in Alton or onboard steamboats passing up the Mississippi are also buried here.
During the war several different units were assigned to serve as guards at Alton Federal Military Prison, including the 13th U.S. Infantry, 77th Ohio Infantry, 37th Iowa Infantry, 10th Kansas Infantry, and 144th Illinois Infantry. Formed in Alton specifically to serve as prison guards, the Illinois 144th was almost completely made up of Alton area residents.
"The mystic cords of memory, stretching from every battlefield, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union." —Abraham Lincoln
Confederate soldiers have their own cemetery in North Alton. visit the Confederate
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the National Cemeteries series list.
Location. 38° 53.431′ N, 90° 9.797′ W. Marker is in Alton, Illinois, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from Pearl Street north of Joesting Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 517 Pearl Street, Alton IL 62002, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A National Cemetery System (a few steps from this marker); Alton National Cemetery (a few steps from this marker); Elijah Parish Lovejoy (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Freedom's Martyr (about 800 feet away); a different marker also named Elijah Parish Lovejoy (about 800 feet away); Scott Bibb and the Alton School Desegregation Case (approx. 0.4 miles away); Lyman Trumbull House (approx. 0.9 miles away); Haskell Playhouse (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alton.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 147 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.