Near Lorton in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A “Considerable Force”
The ideals of freedom sparked by the American Revolution inspired some Chesapeake slave owners to manumit (free) the people they owned. George Mason described slavery as a “slow poison,” but he never freed the people he enslaved. Instead, at his death in 1792, he willed all of the men, women, and children to his own nine offspring. Of the twenty enslaved siblings
Enslaved domestic staff were also busy in several outbuildings in the nearby kitchen yard.
Placed within sight and sound of the mansion, these structures included the kitchen, dairy, poultry houses, and laundry. Many times a day, workers crisscrossed the yard, which was a crowded and lively area enclosed by a tall fence.
We do not know what the original kitchen yard looked like. These reconstructed buildings show our conjecture, based on written accounts, archaeology, and original buildings from other mid-l8th-century Chesapeake plantations.
A Cook's Experience
Cooking required physical strength and stamina, sharp senses, the ability to multi-task, and good judgment.
Enslaved cooks knelt and crouched at open hearths. They stood and paced for hours on hard surfaces, moving between worktable and fireplace, as well as out to the smokehouse, dairy, and mansion.
Cooks used expensive and exotic ingredients imported from abroad including sugar, tea, and chocolate. They also sourced local provisions raised on the Masons' plantations, such as fruits and vegetables, meat, grains, fish, and eggs.
Ann Mason instructed her stuff on what food to prepare, and many of her recipes followed English traditions.
Erected by George Mason's Guston Hall.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Colonial Era.
Location. 38° 39.852′ N, 77° 9.609′ W. Marker is near Lorton, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker can be reached from Gunston Road (Virginia Route 242) south of Springfield Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10709 Gunston Road, Lorton VA 22079, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Organizing Nature (within shouting distance of this marker); This "temple"… (within shouting distance of this marker); “Resources within Themselves” (within shouting distance of this marker); Out of Retirement (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); What Lies Beneath (about 700 feet away); Shiloh Baptist Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); This is Pohick Bay! (approx. 0.8 miles away); Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lorton.
Also see . . . George Mason’s Gunston Hall. (Submitted on May 17, 2019.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 17, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 123 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 17, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.