Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Crucial Supply Lines
East Tennessee Railroads and Bridges
Two strategically important railroads met in Chattanooga. The Western & Atlantic Railroad (W&A) from Atlanta was finished in 1850. A few hundred yards to your left, it joined the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad (ET&G), which was completed from Dalton, Georgia to Knoxville in 1855 and extended to Chattanooga in 1859. As efficient movers of troops and supplies, the Chattanooga rail junction was an important strategic objective for both Union and Confederate commanders.
Multiple W&A and ET&G bridges crossed Chickamauga Creek nearby. In November 1861, Union sympathizers attempted to burn the ET&G bridge but found it too closely guarded; however, they successfully burned two nearby W&A bridges.
In April 1862 James Andrews and more than twenty Union soldiers in civilian disguise, stole a train near Atlanta and headed northward, intending to burn these bridges behind them—an event known as the Great Locomotive Chase. The Confederates captured the raiders before they reached the Chickamauga bridges and tried and executed Andrews and seven men.
Confederate soldiers burned both bridges as they retreated from Chattanooga
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Bridges & Viaducts • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 35° 4.03′ N, 85° 12.385′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from Cromwell Road, 0.7 miles west of Jersey Pike. The marker is located at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum near the sidewalk leading from the parking lot to the museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4119 Cromwell Rd, Chattanooga TN 37421, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Tennessee Valley Railroad And Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Bonny Oaks SchoolCleburne's Division (approx. 1.8 miles away); Polk's Brigade (approx. 1.8 miles away); a different marker also named Cleburne's Division (approx. 1.8 miles away); Wright's Brigade (approx. 1.8 miles away); Lowrey's Brigade (approx. 1.8 miles away); 47th Ohio Infantry (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
Also see . . .
1. Western & Atlantic Railroad. RailGa.com. Georgia's Railroad History & Heritage information on the W&A Railroad with pictures and maps. (Submitted on June 6, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.)
2. East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad. RailGa.com. Georgia's Railroad History & Heritage information on the ET&G Railroad with timetables and maps. (Submitted on June 6, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.)
3. The Great Locomotive Chase: General vs. Texas. The Southern Museum located in Kennesaw, Georgia has on display the original restored "General" steam locomotive that James Andrews stole in the Great Locomotive Chase. (Submitted on June 6, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.)
4. Civil War Trails. Official site for the Civil War Trails series. Here you can choose a state and download maps to visit each site. (Submitted on June 6, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.)
5. Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum. Official site of the TVRR with locomotives and railcars on display. They also operate rail excursions both steam and diesel. (Submitted on June 6, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 21, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 5, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. This page has been viewed 199 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on June 5, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 6, 2019, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. 6. submitted on September 22, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.