Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Matilda A. Evans House
Dr. Matilda A. Evans (1872-1935), an African American physician, as well as a public health and civil rights advocate, lived here 1928-1935. A graduate of the Schofield School in Aiken and Oberlin College, Evans received her M.D. from the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1897. She moved to Columbia that year and in 1901 founded the first African American hospital in the city.
Taylor Lane Hospital & Training School for Nurses, described in 1910 as “a monument to her industry and energy,” burned in 1914. Evans soon opened St. Luke’s Hospital & Training School for Nurses, which closed in 1918. She served in the U.S. Army Sanitary Corps during World War I and later founded the S.C. Good Health Association. In 1922, Evans became the first female president of the all-black Palmetto Medical Association.
Erected 2014 by Richland County Conservation Commission. (Marker Number 40-155.)
Location. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2027 Taylor Street, Columbia SC 29204, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Carver Theatre (within shouting distance of this marker); The Lighthouse & Informer / John H. McCray (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Allen University (about 400 feet away); Benedict College (about 600 feet away); Waverly (about 600 feet away); Good Samaritan-Waverly Hospital (approx. 0.2 miles away); Visanska-Starks House (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Calvary Baptist Church (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Also see . . .
1. Matilda Evans House. Built sometime between 1910 and 1919, the vernacular house went through a myriad of early owners, most of whom were employees of the nearby Southern Railroad Company, before the Evans family occupied the residence. In 1928, the Evans family moved from their home on Two Notch Road to this location and descendants owned or occupied the home until 2005. For years, the Matilda Evans House was the center of African-American (Submitted on June 7, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Evans, Matilda Arabella. Evans developed an interest in medicine and aspired to become a foreign medical missionary. From 1891 to 1893 she taught at Schofield, saving money to enroll in the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia. The sole African American student in her class, Evans graduated in 1897. Aware of the inadequate health care available for South Carolina blacks, she decided to improve medical care and sanitation in her home state, becoming Columbia’s first female physician. Because southern blacks suffered high mortality rates due to insufficient health care and neglect, Evans decided that hospitals were the greatest need. She treated both black and white patients in her home and organized the Columbia Clinic Association. (Submitted on June 7, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Science & Medicine • Women •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 7, 2019. This page originally submitted on June 7, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 77 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 7, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.