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Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Epicenter of the Battle of Franklin

The Carter House

 

— Hood's Campaign —

 
The Carter House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
1. The Carter House Marker
Inscription.  
(Preface): In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northeast against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the Sea," Hood moved north into Tennessee. Gen. John M. Schofield, detached from Sherman's army, delayed Hood at Columbia and Spring Hill before falling back to Franklin. The bloobath here on November 30 crippled the Confederates, but they followed Schofield to the outskirts of Nashville and Union Gen. George H. Thomas's strong defenses. Hood's campaign ended when Thomas crushed his army December 15-16.

Cotton planter Fountain Branch Carter built this dwelling in 1830. On November 30, 1864, after more than three decades as a peaceful farmhouse, it was at the epicenter of the Battle of Franklin, in the heart of the Union line. Union Gen. Jacob D. Cox had his headquarters here. During the battle, Carter, his family, and two neighboring families took refuge in the basement, where they all survived. A few Federal soldiers, frantic to escape the carnage outside, joined them. Union reinforcements
The Carter House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
2. The Carter House Marker
pushed their way through their fleeing comrades and slammed into the Confederates charging this way. Here, just inside the breastworks in front of you, the Federals repulsed as many as seventeen Confederates assaults. The fighting here was so vicious that the blood of dead and wounded soldiers pooled in Carter's garden and flowed along the adjacent Columbia Turnpike.

Carter's son, Confederate Capt. Tod Carter, was shot down near here. He was serving on Gen. Thomas B. Smith's staff when Smith's brigade assaulted this position from in front of you. One hundred and eighty yards southwest of the Carter House, Carter was shot nine times, including once in the forehead. He was found the next morning barely alive. Carried to his home after an absence of more than three years, he died two days later. One of his sisters tending him as he died sobbed, "Brother's come home at last."

(Sidebar): Four Medals of Honor were later awarded for courage in the action here. Gen. David S. Stanley led a brigade into the thick of the fight at a crucial moment and was shot in the neck but recovered. Corp. James K. Merrifield, 88th Illinois Infantry captured two Confederate battle flags out of the line. Sgt. Alfred Ramsbottom, 97th Ohio Infantry captured the 2nd Mississippi Infantry flag in hand-to-hand combat with its bearer. Sgt. Thomas Toohey, 24th Wisconsin Infantry, worked
Gen. David S. Stanley image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
3. Gen. David S. Stanley
courtesy Library of Congress
a battery's gun almost single-handedly under hotter fire than anywhere else in the line.

"We were so badly mixed up with old soldiers going forward, new soldiers going back, and Rebs running both ways... I could not tell... which were prisoners, the Rebs or ourselves- each ordering the other to surrender, and many on each side clubbing their guns and chasing each other around the [Carter] houses." - Union Soldier
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed. It was located near 35° 55.021′ N, 86° 52.402′ W. Marker was in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Memorial could be reached from Columbia Avenue (U.S. 31). This marker has been removed and replaced by a similar marker at the rear of the Carter House. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Franklin TN 37064, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Carter House (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named The Carter House (a few steps from this marker); Cleburne’s Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Opdycke's Bridgade (within shouting distance of this marker); Brown's Division (within shouting distance of this marker); The Carter Farm
Capt. Todd Carter image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
4. Capt. Todd Carter
Courtesy Library of Congress
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Bate's Division (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Former Epicenter of the Battle of Franklin Marker site image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
5. Former Epicenter of the Battle of Franklin Marker site
Only the Tennessee Historical Commission marker remains here.
 

More. Search the internet for Epicenter of the Battle of Franklin.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 11, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 3, 2013, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 591 times since then and 74 times this year. Last updated on July 9, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 3, 2013, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Alabama, USA.   5. submitted on June 16, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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