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Givat Avni in Lower Galilee Regional Council, Northern District, Israel
 

Qarne Hittin National Park

 
 
Horns of Hattin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, October 22, 2014
1. Horns of Hattin Marker
Inscription.  Qarne Hittin is the crater of an ancient volcano that was active 4.3 million years ago. On the north and the south sides of the crater are the mountain's two "horns", which gave rise to the Hebrew name Qarne Hittin meaning "horns of wheat."

On the northern horn are the remains of a tower from the Israelite period (the 7th-8th centuries BCE). A fortress from the Canaanite period (14th-13th centuries BCE) stood on the southern horn.

A large Israelite city occupied this site during the 10th-8th centuries BCE. Some scholars identify the site as the Waters of Merom, where Joshua fought the Canaanites. As the Bible describes it, Joshua, with all his fighting men, came upon them suddenly at the Waters of Merom, and pounced upon them (Joshua 1:11). In 1187, the Crusader forces were defeated by the Muslim ruler Saladin in a famous battle here "The Battle of Hittin."

The Nebi Shu'eb Springs, also called the waters of Meron are located at the base of the hill. East of the crater wild hyacinth (Hyacinth orientalis) bloom in winter.

(Hebrew and Arabic not transcribed)
 
Erected by Israel

The "Twin Peaks" of the Horns of Hattin image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser
2. The "Twin Peaks" of the Horns of Hattin
Nature and Parks authority.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Natural FeaturesNotable EventsNotable PlacesSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 32° 47.421′ N, 35° 28.31′ E. Marker is in Givat Avni, Northern District, in Lower Galilee Regional Council. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Arbel Ancient Synagogue / (approx. 4 kilometers away); House of Miqwa'ot (approx. 5.6 kilometers away); a different marker also named House of Miqwa'ot (approx. 5.6 kilometers away); a different marker also named House of Miqwa'ot (approx. 5.6 kilometers away); Domestic Housing Area (approx. 5.6 kilometers away); a different marker also named House of Miqwa'ot (approx. 5.6 kilometers away); Market (approx. 5.6 kilometers away); History of Magdala (approx. 5.6 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .
1. Horn of Hattin in Wikipedia. (Submitted on July 23, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
2. Horns of Hattin Hike. (Submitted on July 23, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 23, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. This page has been viewed 85 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 23, 2019, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Oct. 25, 2020