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Mill Springs in Wayne County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

The West-Metcalfe House

Mill Springs Battlefield

 

— National Historic Landmark —

 
The West-Metcalfe House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 12, 2019
1. The West-Metcalfe House Marker
Inscription.  Isaac West built this small house about 1800. When the Civil War began, it was the home of Isaac's son and daughter, Allen and Nancy, and Nancy's family. During its brief occupation of Mill Springs, the Confederate army used the West house and farm as a supply depot, headquarters and hospital.

Home of an Extended Family
When the Confederate army arrived in Mill Springs in November 1861, five people lived here Allen Russell West, his sister Nancy Saulter Lynch, Nancy's widowed daughter, Margaret Jane Metcalfe, and Margaret's two sons, Charles Pollan Metcalfe and George Chilton Metcalfe, Jr. Also living on the property were twenty slaves West owned.

Confederate Headquarters and Supply Depot
With Allen West's consent, Confederate General Felix K. Zollicoffer established his headquarters in the West house, which then had large wooden additions on each end. The Confederates turned the West farm into a supply depot for the busy encampment at Mill Springs, where over 6,000 men drilled, built earthworks, and prepared for the battle they knew would come.

Wounded Filled the House and Yard
The Confederate

This marker, along with an older marker, and the West-Metcalfe House. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 12, 2019
2. This marker, along with an older marker, and the West-Metcalfe House.
Click or scan to see
this page online
army was defeated, and General Zollicoffer killed, at the January 19, 1862, Battle of Mill Springs. In its hurried retreat the army left scores of wounded behind. This house, like most in Mill Springs, served as a temporary hospital. Wounded filled the West house and yard. Many remained for weeks. Some never left—a dozen or more lie in the family cemetery.

Photo captions: Bottom left: Charles Pollan Metcalfe lived in the house during the Civil War. He is pictured with his wife, Amanda Elizabeth (Taylor) Metcalfe, ca. 1866.
Top right: When it was a Confederate supply depot, the yard of the West house probably looked a lot like this house at Rocky Face, Georgia, which was a commissary depot.

 
Erected 2014 by Mill Springs Battlefield Association.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: LandmarksNotable BuildingsScience & MedicineWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the National Historic Landmarks series list. A significant historical date for this entry is January 19, 1862.
 
Location. 36° 55.041′ N, 84° 46.712′ W. Marker is in Mill Springs, Kentucky, in Wayne County. Marker is on Old Mill Springs Road 1.2 miles south of Kentucky Route 1275, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map.

The West-Metcalfe House is on Stop #10 of the Mill Springs Battlefield Tour. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 12, 2019
3. The West-Metcalfe House is on Stop #10 of the Mill Springs Battlefield Tour.
Marker is at or near this postal address: Old Mill Springs Road, Monticello KY 42633, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named West-Metcalfe House (a few steps from this marker); Mill Springs (approx. one mile away); Mill Springs and the Civil War (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Battle of Mill Springs (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Cumberland River (approx. 1.1 miles away); Home, Headquarters, Hospital (approx. 1.1 miles away); Price's Meadow (approx. 1.3 miles away); The Noble Ellis Saves an Army (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mill Springs.
 
More about this marker. Warning: this Tour Stop is some 23 miles from the Mill Springs Battlefield Visitors Center near Nancy, KY, which is the beginning location for eight of the Tour Stops.
 
Also see . . .  Mill Springs Battlefield Association. (Submitted on August 2, 2019.)
 
The West-Metcalfe House image. Click for full size.
By Bradley Owen, October 15, 2019
4. The West-Metcalfe House
Rear view of house.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 23, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 118 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 23, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.   4. submitted on January 27, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia.
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Mar. 9, 2021