Fort Recovery in Mercer County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Battle of Fallen Timbers and the Treaty of Greeneville
The final battle of the Northwest Indian War, Fallen Timbers, took place on August 20, 1794 in present-day Maumee, near Toledo, less than two months after the Battle of Fort Recovery. The American Indians' loss in the Battle of Fallen Timbers led to the negotiation of the Treaty of Greeneville. The lengthy and complex negotiations began in January 1795 and involved multiple tribes, who knew from the beginning any agreement would not be in their favor. The treaty was signed on August 3, 1795, officially ending the Northwest Indian War and establishing the Greeneville Treaty Line. Fort Recovery was the northwestern-most U.S. military outpost; here the Greeneville Treaty Line turned southwest towards the Ohio River. The treaty line was meant to serve as a boundary between American Indian and Euro-American settlement, but was essentially ignored by settlers and the U.S. government.
Ohio became a state in 1803, only eight years after the Treaty of Greeneville. The tribes in Ohio had been up against early contact with non-Natives and land encroachments for many years already.and statehood further weakened the treaty agreements. In
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The nine tribes of the American Indian alliance at the Battle of the Wabash (Cherokee, Delaware, Miami, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Seneca, Cayuga, Shawnee, Wyandot) through time have branched into 35 federally recognized tribes. The tribes today have governmental headquarters in Oklahoma, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, and other states. Descendants of the American Indian warriors and tribal leaders live across the United States.
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Introduction: "A treaty of peace between the United States of America, and the tribes of Indians called the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanese, Ottawas, Chipewas, Putawatimes, Miamis, Eel-Rivers, Weea's, Kickapoos, Piankashaws,
Article 1: "Henceforth all hostilities shall cease; peace is hereby established, and shall be perpetual; and a friendly intercourse shall take place between the said United States and Indian tribes."
--Treaty of Greeneville (1795). Credit: Ohio History Central.
Erected by National Park Service American Battlefield Protection Program and the State of Ohio. (Marker Number 15.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Peace • Wars, US Indian. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1795.
Location. 40° 24.821′ N, 84° 46.824′ W. Marker is in Fort Recovery, Ohio, in Mercer County. Marker is on Fort Site Street south of West Boundary Street, on the right when traveling south. This marker is situated along the west side of the roadway, just south of the Fort Recovery Museum building. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Fort Site Street, Fort Recovery OH 45846, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Welcome to the Fort Recovery Battlefield Walking Tour (here, next to this marker); Background of the Log Home and Original Owners (a few steps from this marker); The Franke Historical Walkway (a few steps from this marker); Prologue to 1791 (a few steps VanTrees Donation (within shouting distance of this marker); Sha'anoe Warrior Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Recovery State Historic Site (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Clair’s Defeat (1791) / Wayne’s Victory (1794) (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Recovery.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 5, 2019, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 173 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 5, 2019, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.