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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Hardy in Franklin County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Booker T. Washington's Birthplace

 
 
Booker T. Washington's Birthplace Marker (Left Half) image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, August 18, 2018
1. Booker T. Washington's Birthplace Marker (Left Half)
(Viewing marker from the northwest.)
Inscription.  
Booker T. Washington, the renowned African-American leader and educator, was born into slavery on this plantation and freed here after the Civil War ended. At this national monument, you can learn about his childhood in slavery, living here with his family and other enslaved Africans.

This plantation was owned by the James Burroughs family when Booker T. Washington lived on this property. As was typical in 19th century rural Virginia, Burroughs family members were buried in the family cemetery on their land. The enslaved people were not buried in this plot. Even in death, slavery's social hierarchy was maintained. After the Civil War, however, James H. Starkey (July, 1899—1900), infant son of African-American Nellie G. Starkey, was buried in the Burroughs Cemetery. Booker T. Washington is buried on the campus of Tuskegee University, where he carried out his life's work.

The start of the Civil War in April 1861 saw five of the Burroughs sons join up to fight for the Confederacy. James Burrough, the family patriarch, died in July shortly after they enlisted. Two of his sons, Christopher Frank and John William (Billie),
Booker T. Washington's Birthplace Marker (right half) image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, August 18, 2018
2. Booker T. Washington's Birthplace Marker (right half)
(Viewing marker from the northwest.)
died during the war.

(caption)
You can see the Burroughs' fenced-in cemetery over the ridge and to the left.
 
Erected by Booker T. Washington National Monument, National Park Service.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansAgricultureEducationWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities 🎓 series list.
 
Location. 37° 7.184′ N, 79° 43.901′ W. Marker is in Hardy, Virginia, in Franklin County. Marker can be reached from Booker T Washington Highway (Virginia Route 122) 0.2 miles east of Lost Mountain Road (Virginia Route 636), on the right when traveling east. Marker is located in front of the Visitor Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 12130 Booker T Washington Hwy, Hardy VA 24101, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Booker T. Washington National Monument (a few steps from this marker); Slavery on the Plantation (within shouting distance of this marker); How Tobacco Farms Used Slavery (within shouting distance of this marker); Freed Here, At Last (within shouting distance of this marker); Booker T. Washington Birthplace
Booker T. Washington's Birthplace Marker and bulletin board image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, August 18, 2018
3. Booker T. Washington's Birthplace Marker and bulletin board
Welcome to Booker T. Washington National Monument
Hours: 9 am—5 pm
All areas close at 5 pm
Closed Thanksgiving, December 25, January 1

Have a Safe Visit
Check in with a ranger or a volunteer at the visitor center desk for information for a safe and enjoyable visit.

What You Can Do
The National Park Service welcomes visitor to Booker T. Washington National Monument. Explore this living history 19th-century plantation site to see how Booker T. Washington and his family lived in slavery. Hands-on exhibits inside the visitor center share more about Washington's childhood.

Explore the:
• Jack O'Lantern Branch Heritage Trail
• Visitor Center and gift store
• Audiovisual program
• Educational exhibits and waysides

Attend a:
• Ranger guided walk
• History program
• Special event

Become a:
• Junior Ranger
• Friend of Booker T. Washington National Monument

Ask about:
• Volunteer opportunities
• School and group programs by reservation appointment
(about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Jack-O-Lantern Branch Trail (approx. ¼ mile away); Carry Me Home (approx. 0.3 miles away); Taylor’s Store (approx. 3.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hardy.
 
Also see . . .
1. Booker T. Washington National Monument, National Park Service. (Submitted on August 16, 2019.)
2. Dr. Booker Taliaferro Washington, Tuskegee University. (Submitted on August 16, 2019.)
3. Booker T. Washington National Monument, National Register of Historic Places (pdf file). (Submitted on August 17, 2019.)
 
Booker T. Washington image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
4. Booker T. Washington
1903 photo C. E. (Christopher Ethelbert) Cheyne
Plantation Today map image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, August 18, 2018
5. Plantation Today map
Located behind the Visitor Center. Image is viewed from the north.
Horse Barn exterior and adjacent horse field. image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, August 18, 2018
6. Horse Barn exterior and adjacent horse field.
(Viewing from the south.)
Flowering Tobacco. image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, August 18, 2018
7. Flowering Tobacco.
Viewing from the south.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 29, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 16, 2019. This page has been viewed 109 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 16, 2019.   4. submitted on September 26, 2020, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   5, 6, 7. submitted on August 16, 2019. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Nov. 28, 2020