“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Westminster in Carroll County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Westminster Depot

Pressed into Service


— Gettysburg Campaign —

Westminster Depot Marker image. Click for full size.
November 16, 2007
1. Westminster Depot Marker
Inscription.  During the Civil War, railroads for the first time attained strategic importance for transporting troops and equipment. On July 1, 1863, Gen. Herman Haupt, chief of U.S. Military Railroads, assumed control here of the Western Maryland Railroad to supply the army engaged at Gettysburg. He found a depot nearby as well as several large grain and flour warehouses. Two days earlier, however, after a cavalry action in the streets, hungry Confederates had raided the warehouses for food for themselves and grain for their famished horses.

Haupt made a covered wagon his temporary office and quickly created a military supply depot here. Four hundred Railroad Construction Corpsmen soon arrived from Alexandria, Virginia, with lanterns, buckets and rails. They hauled water from a nearby impoundment and brought in firewood for the steam locomotives. Soon 30 trains in 5-train convoys moved 1,500 tons of supplies and ammunition in 150 cars daily from Baltimore to Westminster. Previously, the single-track line, completed in 1861, had carried only four trains a day. Within two days, the army’s needs were more than met, and excess supplies went to Gettysburg
Westminster Depot Marker image. Click for full size.
November 24, 2008
2. Westminster Depot Marker
The right of two Civil War Trails markers alongside the railroad tracks.
hospitals. Thousands of Union wounded and almost 7,000 Confederate prisoners passed through the Westminster depot July 1-7.

Ellen Orbison Harris of the Philadelphia Ladies Aid Society wrote on July 4, “Westminster, 4 a.m., spent the night on the cars, being the only woman; and with a kind-hearted baker and his wife, had an opportunity of comforting some of our wounded with pies and cakes of their manufacture.”
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 39° 34.5′ N, 76° 59.772′ W. Marker is in Westminster, Maryland, in Carroll County. Marker is at the intersection of Liberty Street (Maryland Route 27) and West Main Street (Maryland Route 32), on the right when traveling north on Liberty Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Westminster MD 21157, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gettysburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); Mayor Joseph L. Mathias (a few steps from this marker); History Is Also Now (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Neal Home (about
Western Maryland R.R. image. Click for full size.
November 24, 2008
3. Western Maryland R.R.
Stuart dispatched Horse Artillery and the 3rd Virginia cavalry to this point to "cut off the retreat" of the Delaware cavalry.
700 feet away); The First Complete County Rural Free Delivery Service (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Rosser Raid (approx. 0.2 miles away); Westminster MD War Memorial (approx. ¼ mile away); The Opera House (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Westminster.
More about this marker. On the lower left of the marker is a portrait of Gen. Herman Haupt. On the lower right of the marker is a photo captioned, Westminster, Main Street, looking east, ca. 1868, along the route of Corbit's charge.
Also see . . .  Brig. General Herman Haupt. (Submitted on November 24, 2008.)
Photo of Westminster from Marker image. Click for full size.
November 24, 2008
4. Photo of Westminster from Marker
Westminster, Main Street, looking east, ca. 1868, along the route of Corbit's charge - Courtesy of the Historical Society of Carroll County.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 24, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,765 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 24, 2008. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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Aug. 8, 2020