Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
John Rutherford's Farm
Interrupted by War
By 1857, Rutherford was prosperous enough to construct a two-story brick house for his family. It stood just to your right, near the turnpike. Besides his wife and their children—Susan E., William, B., John C., and Albert G. Rutherford, who ranged in age from ten to two in 1860—Mary Spence, a domestic worker, and James Lownsan, a free black laborer, also lived here.
John Rutherford owned 9 horses, 10 head of cattle, 17 sheep, and 22 hogs just before the war began.
Archaeological studies here have uncovered remains of the Rutherford house site, the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, and the Third Battle of Winchester.
“It was a sad sight to see our poor men lying on the ground, with only a little straw under them, although I suppose there was never a battle field where there were so many alleviations, in the way of kindness & attention from women.”
– Mary Greenhow Lee, diary, July 23, 1864
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is May 24, 1861.
Location. Marker has been reported damaged. 39° 13.24′ N, 78° 7.854′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11), on Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1876 Martinsburg Pike, Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); Battle of Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); Hackwood Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Action of Rutherford’s Farm (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (approx. 0.2 miles away); Three Battlefields (approx. 0.7 miles away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 0.7 miles away); The First Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. In the upper middle of the marker is a photo captioned, John Rutherford's brick farmhouse, ca. March, 1961, looking south, with Messick children (left to right) Roy R. Jr., Marvin L., Roger D., Steven R. (bottom), and Sidney W. (top). On the lower right of the marker is a map captioned, Winchester area, 1864.
Also see . . . Mary Greenhow Lee. American National Biography Online (Submitted on December 1, 2008.)
Credits. This page was last revised on May 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 1, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,876 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 1, 2008. 4. submitted on May 28, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.