“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Grangeville in Idaho County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)

Tolo, Alab-lemot

Tolo, Alab-lemot Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, August 25, 2019
1. Tolo, Alab-lemot Marker
Captions: (top left) This photo of Tolo was taken at the Slate Creek settlements in the 1870s.; (bottom left) Tolo Lake (in center of the photo) is located five miles west of Grangeville on the edge of the Camas Prairie. This photo was take from White Bird Hill looking north west.; (bottom center) This formal portrait of Tolo is in the archives of the Idaho State Historical Society.; (upper right) A stormy view of the White Bird Battlefield.; (bottom right) Chief Joseph became the Nez Perce peace chief of the Wallowa band after the death of his father in 1871. Hie is remembered for his leadership in negotiation both before and after the War of 1877.
Inscription.  War has a way of making heroes and heroines of ordinary mortals. To some, Tolo, a Nez Perce Indian woman, was never ordinary. Her given name was Alab-lemot but because she loved to gamble, she was called Tolo which means "win" in the Chinook tongue. She was strong, determined, motherly and sometimes feisty.
In 1877, Tolo lived with her sisters and two daughters in the settlement at Slate Creek where she was loved and respected by everyone. When word came of a possible Nez Perce uprising, Tolo traveled 28 miles to Florence to warn her friends. Riding all night over a rugged trail, and returned to Slate Creek the next day with help for the settlers.
The Slate Creek settlers believed that Tolo’s efforts discouraged an attack on the stockade. In appreciation, Tolo was allotted land off the reservation. Later, a small lake on the Camas Prairie, where the Nez Perce camped and held powwows, was named Tolo Lake in her honor.

The War of 1877
The summer of 1877 was the last time Chief Joseph would lead his band across the Camas Prairie. He and several hundred men, women and children had been driven from their
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homeland in the Wallowa Valley of Oregon. The U.S. Army ordered them to settle on a newly created reservation in Lapwai. Joseph and his people however, resisted the move, hoping for a peaceful solution.

The Battle at White Bird
Wahlitits, a young Nez Perce man taunted into avenging the death of his father, enlisted two other young men to fire the first shots on several Salmon River settlers on June 13, 1877. The battle at White Bird ensued, and 34 U.S. Army soldiers and two volunteers were killed. There were no casualties among the Nez Perce.
Other skirmishes in this area - in Cottonwood, Clearwater, and Kamiah - resulted in many deaths on both sides. The battles and the great loss of life continued for several months over many miles. At the Bear Paw battlefield of Montana, 40 miles from freedom in Canada, Chief Joseph spoke his words of surrender on October 4, 1877:
“The old men are all dead. The little children are freezing to death... Hear me, my chiefs - my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.”
Erected by Northwest Passage Scenic Byway and All-American Road.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansWars, US IndianWomen.
Tolo, Alab-lemot Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, August 25, 2019
2. Tolo, Alab-lemot Marker
45° 55.94′ N, 116° 7.912′ W. Marker is in Grangeville, Idaho, in Idaho County. Marker is on Pine Street near U.S. 95. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 285 Pine Street, Grangeville ID 83530, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Eimers Legacy (a few steps from this marker); The Camas Connection (a few steps from this marker); Home on the Grange (a few steps from this marker); Gold Pans and Whipsaws (a few steps from this marker); The Camas Prairie Mammoth (within shouting distance of this marker); A Mammoth Discovery (within shouting distance of this marker); The ADVANCE Steam Traction Engine (approx. 0.6 miles away); Mount Idaho (approx. 3.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Grangeville.
More about this marker. This marker is located in Eimers Park.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 18, 2019. It was originally submitted on October 18, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 281 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 18, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.

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May. 19, 2024