Louisiana in Pike County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
John Brooks Henderson
Nov. 16, 1826 - April 12, 1913
John Brooks Henderson was born in Virginia and moved with his family to Lincoln County, Missouri when he was six years old. By age 10, he was an orphan.
Henderson overcame what could have been a life of obscurity to be a Pike County teacher, lawyer, and state legislator. He lived and worked in Louisiana, and was the first president of the Bank of Louisiana. During the early part of the Civil War, he served as a brigadier general in Missouri’s Union militia.
In 1862, Henderson was appointed a U.S. Senator and within six weeks of arriving in Washington, he began regular meetings with President Abraham Lincoln.
Though a one-time slave owner himself, Henderson in 1864 drafted and introduced the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution outlawing human bondage — the first time the nation’s founding document had been altered in 60 years.
Henderson also was a strong campaigner for women’s voting rights, supported better relations with Native Americans, fought against federal government corruption, was one of only seven Republicans who voted to acquit Democrat President Andrew Johnson of impeachment charges,
Land for the park you are in was donate by Henderson and his wife, Mary Foote Henderson, to the City of Louisiana in May 1903. They are buried in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, along with their son, John Brooks Henderson Jr.
While Henderson was a strict constitutionalist, he embraced changes that would lead to a more equitable nation. The maverick served at times as a Republican and a Democrat, but upset people of all parties.
Henderson realized what made America unique, and understood perhaps the most meaningful principle of its democracy - those in power rule only at the behest of the greater voting masses. His words still echo across the ages.
[Reverse, top plaque:]
Sculpture conceived and created by Louisiana artist John Stoeckley.
Wording by Pike County historian Brent Engel.
Dedicated by the Louisiana Bicentennial Committee on Wednesday, July 4, 2018, with generous support from the Missouri Humanities Council, residents and businesses.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party hall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Erected 2018 by Sculpture by John Stoeckley, wording by Brent Engel, dedicated by the Louisiana Bicentennial Committee with generous support from the Missouri Humanities Council.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Civil Rights • Government & Politics • War, US Civil • Women. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #17 Andrew Johnson series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1864.
Location. 39° 27.236′ N, 91° 2.963′ W. Marker is in Louisiana, Missouri, in Pike County. Marker is at the intersection of North Main Street and Jackson Street, on the right when traveling north on North Main Street. Located in Riverview/Henderson Park on the east side of town. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 520 North Main Street, Louisiana MO 63353, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Champ Clark Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Henderson Park"Miss Lucille's Garden" (approx. ¼ mile away); Louisiana Public Library (approx. ¼ mile away); Floods of 1973 and 1993 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Louisiana (approx. 2.3 miles away); Welcome to Illinois (approx. 2.7 miles away in Illinois); Oldest Building in Pike County (approx. 5.9 miles away in Illinois). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Louisiana.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. John Brooks Henderson. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress website entry (Submitted on September 18, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. John Brooks Henderson. Historic Missourians website entry (Submitted on September 18, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 9, 2022. It was originally submitted on October 19, 2019, by Emily Pursley of Pittsfield, Illinois. This page has been viewed 191 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 19, 2019, by Emily Pursley of Pittsfield, Illinois. 4. submitted on September 18, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 5, 6. submitted on October 19, 2019, by Emily Pursley of Pittsfield, Illinois. 7. submitted on September 17, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 8. submitted on September 18, 2020, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.