“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

York in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Family Album

Watershed Through Time

Family Album Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 23, 2019
1. Family Album Marker
Inscription.  Throughout time the East Branch Codorus Creek watershed has nurtured many species of plants and animals. It has also supported human activity for thousands of years.

We rely on the water to irrigate crops and power businesses. At home, we need access to clean drinking, bathing, and cooking water. Many of us love the watershed's wooded hills, meandering streams, and abundant wildlife.

Osprey • Watershed Resident
(Pandion haliaetus) The “fish hawk” was nearly extinct from this area, but has made a comeback in the 1990’s due to pesticide restrictions. It flies above water in search of fish.

Farming has played a major role in the watershed's history since the first European settlers arrived, reaching its peak in the early 1900s. This photograph, taken in 1944, is of the E. Kilgore farm.

In 2004, 28% of the watershed was devoted to farmland. Products include grains, peaches, apples, corn, potatoes, eggs, and livestock.

From the late 1700s to the early 1900s, the creek supported 16 mills, including the Keystone Factory and Grist Mill.
Marker detail: E. Kilgore Farm (<i>left</i>)<br>Keystone Factory and Grist Mill (<i>right</i>) image. Click for full size.
Courtesy York County Heritage Trust, PA
2. Marker detail: E. Kilgore Farm (left)
Keystone Factory and Grist Mill (right)
The mill was located across this inlet.

Products from local mills ranged from flour and vegetable oils to lumber and cloth. All the mills are gone now, but businesses still flourish in the watershed.

These stone tools were found in the Loganville area. Many native peoples have lived in the watershed over the course of human history.

German immigrants settled here in 1728. English, Irish, and Scotch settlers soon followed. Today, there are over 17,000 households in the watershed, with residents from many different ethnic backgrounds.

Native Americans hunted and fished throughout the watershed. Later arrivals also enjoyed its beauty and bounty. These swimmers cool off in South Branch Codorus Creek, near Days Mill Road.

Today boaters, cyclists, canoeists, runners, skiers, birdwatchers, and walkers enjoy the East Branch's 2,700 acres of parkland.
Erected by William H. Kain County Park.
Location. 39° 53.859′ N, 76° 42.951′ W. Marker is in York, Pennsylvania, in York County. Marker can be reached from South George Street half a mile south of Joppa Road, on the right when traveling south. Marker is located in William H. Kain County Park, at the Lake Williams/York Reservoir parking
Marker detail: Stone tools (<i>left</i>)<br>South Branch Codorus Creek (<i>right</i>) image. Click for full size.
Courtesy York County Heritage Trust, PA
3. Marker detail: Stone tools (left)
South Branch Codorus Creek (right)
and picnic area on the west side of South George Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: York PA 17403, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. York Imperial Apple (approx. 1.8 miles away); Glatfelter Station (approx. 2.4 miles away); York (approx. 3.4 miles away); Veterans Memorial Gold Star Healing & Peace Garden (approx. 3.9 miles away); War Memorial (approx. 3.9 miles away); Purple Heart Memorial (approx. 3.9 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 3.9 miles away); Soldiers and Sailors of the Late War of the Rebellion (approx. 4.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in York.
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceParks & Recreational AreasSettlements & Settlers
Family Album Marker • <i>wide view<br>(rightmost of the two panels at this location</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 23, 2019
4. Family Album Marker • wide view
(rightmost of the two panels at this location
Wonderful Wetlands • <i>Natural Resources to Treasure</i><br>(<i>located just left of marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 23, 2019
5. Wonderful Wetlands • Natural Resources to Treasure
(located just left of marker)
Three things determine whether an area is a wetland. First, the area must be covered with water for at least part of the year or have saturated (wet) soil. Second, the area will have special dark soil that indicates the presence of water. Finally, water-loving plants grow there.

In the past people thought wetlands were mucky, buggy nuisances. Today the government protects them. We now know that they serve important roles in the health of a watershed.

Common cattail • Watershed Resident
(Typha latifolia) This spiky three to nine-foot plant is a familiar sight along the edges of wetlands. Birds seek shelter in its dense stands. Other animals feast on its roots and shoots.

Wetlands’ soil and plant roots trap pollutants, helping keep water clean and pure.

Many fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and insects live in and around wetlands. Most wetland species, some of which are rare or endangered, can’t live anywhere else.

Wetlands act like giant sponges during storms, absorbing the extra water then slowly releasing it. This minimizes flooding.

People use wetlands, too, for fishing, swimming, boating, hunting, and enjoying wildlife.
Wetlands (<i>view northwest from marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 23, 2019
6. Wetlands (view northwest from marker)

More. Search the internet for Family Album.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 25, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 25, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 56 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 25, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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