Williston in Williams County, North Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Plants of the Plains
Missouri-Yellowstone Confluence Interpretive Center
This area held large herds of bison, elk, and deer, which had grazed on grasses and shrubs for millennia. Chief among the native grasses were big bluestem, buffalo grass, and needle-and-tread grass. Big sagebrush was a common shrub on the semi-arid plains.
Prairies provided native peoples with plants, used for food and medicine. Paste or tea made from purple coneflower root was used by many Northern Plains tribes to treat their coughs, sore throats, and headaches. They called the plant "elk root" because they learned of its effectiveness when they saw sick or wounded elk eat the plant. When Meriwether Lewis sent seeds to President Jefferson, he indicated it was used for snakebites.
Indian bread root, also called prairie turnip, was an important food for native peoples because it can be eaten raw, boiled, dried, or pounded into flour. It was also sought after by grizzly bears, once common among the wooded stream bottoms. Indian breadroot seeds collected by Lewis are preserved today by the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia.
Erected by State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Location. 47° 58.941′ N, 103° 59.702′ W. Marker is in Williston, North Dakota, in Williams County. Marker can be reached from 39th Lane Northwest near 153rd Avenue Northwest. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Williston ND 58801, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Water Ways and Mean (a few steps from this marker); Lesser Known Forts at the Confluence (approx. 0.3 miles away); Mosquitoes (approx. 0.3 miles away); Parade Ground (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fort Buford State Historic Site (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fort Buford Historic Site (approx. 0.4 miles away); Missouri-Yellowstone Confluence (approx. 0.4 miles away); Telegraph Office (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Williston.
More about this marker. This marker is on the grounds of Fort Buford State Historic Site.
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans • Natural Features •
More. Search the internet for Plants of the Plains.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 3, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 35 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 3, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.