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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Scott in Brown County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Heyrman I: A Multi-component Workshop and Campsite

 
 
Heyrman I: A Multi-component Workshop and Campsite Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devon Polzar, 2019
1. Heyrman I: A Multi-component Workshop and Campsite Marker
Inscription.  The Site
The Heyrman I site represents a campsite and stone tool workshop occupied almost continuously from Paleoindian to Historic Euroamerican times.

The Heyrman I site was situated on a long, narrow, saddle-shaped sand ridge, running parallel to the original WIS 57. The ridge is part of the same ancient lake terrace system on which the nearby Fabry Creek (Boss Tavern) site was located.

The Heyrman I site was first identified in 1994 and archaeological investigations continued through the 2005 field season. These investigations uncovered over 350 archaeological features and some 12,500 artifacts.

The site is notable for producing evidence of very early human occupation of the area dating to more than 12,000 years ago.

Cultural Components
Paleoindian
The Paleoindian deposit was found 170 cm (5 ft 3 in) below the ground surface. The artifacts included over 1,500 pieces of chipped stone produced during the process of manufacturing a Paleoindian tool. Associated organic materials were radiocarbon dated to between 10,860 and 9980 B.C.

Along with the material from Fabry Creek

Close Up of Photos image. Click for full size.
By Devon Polzar, 2019
2. Close Up of Photos
(Boss Tavern) site, the Hayrman I site provides evidence for an early and continued Paleoindian presence on the Door Peninsula.

Archaic
The Archaic stage at Heyrman I is represented by chipped stone and ground stone tools including knives, projectile points, hammers, and grinding stones.

Artifacts from the Archaic component were excavated from levels and features located 40-60 cm below the surface.

Middle Woodland
The Middle Woodland period at Heyrman I is represented by North Bay type projectile points, over 5,000 pieces of chipped stone, and three small pieces of grit-tempered pottery.

Late Woodland
Late Woodland artifacts from the Heyrman I site include Heins Creek pottery and small triangular shaped arrow points typical of Late Woodland groups on the Door Peninsula. Heins Creek people probably camped at the Heyrman I site between A.D. 700 and A.D. 1000.
 
Location. 44° 34.083′ N, 87° 52.78′ W. Marker is in Scott, Wisconsin, in Brown County. Marker is on Bay Settlement Road north of VanLaanen Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3426 Bay Settlement Road, Green Bay WI 54311, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The WIS 57 Reconstruction Project in Brown, Kewaunee, and Door Counties (here, next to this marker); The Holdorf Site: A Chipped Stone Workshop/The Christoff Site: A Prehistoric Campsite

Close Up of Photos image. Click for full size.
By Devon Polzar, 2019
3. Close Up of Photos
(here, next to this marker); Delfosse-Allard: A Multi-component Site (here, next to this marker); Fabry Creek (Boss Tavern): A Multi-component Site (here, next to this marker); From First Americans to Euroamericans (here, next to this marker); The Beaudhuin Village Site: A North Bay Middle Woodland Camp (here, next to this marker); Transportation Archaeology on the WIS 57 Project (here, next to this marker); Red Banks (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Scott.
 
More about this marker. This marker is part of the group of markers at this location titled From First Americans to Euroamericans: Archaeology and History of the WIS 57 Transportation Corridor. The markers are a few steps from the southern parking lot in the Wequiock Falls County Park.
 
Categories. Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative Americans
 
From First Americans to Euroamericans Markers image. Click for full size.
By Devon Polzar, 2019
4. From First Americans to Euroamericans Markers
From First Americans to Euroamericans Markers image. Click for full size.
By Devon Polzar, 2019
5. From First Americans to Euroamericans Markers
 

More. Search the internet for Heyrman I: A Multi-component Workshop and Campsite.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 16, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 14, 2019, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 42 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 14, 2019, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.
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