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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Shonto in Navajo County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Indian Rice Grass

Stipa hymenoides

 
 
Indian Rice Grass Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, May 24, 2016
1. Indian Rice Grass Marker
Inscription.  When protected from overgrazing, this bunchgrass thrives on the high desert. It was once a nutritious food source for the Hopi Indians.

While Navajos also depended on rice grass, other foods that were easier to prepare eventually replaced it. Harvested bundles of the grass were first scorched to release the seeds from the chaff. The tiny seeds were then crushed into meal and cooked as mush, dumplings, or cakes.

Before sheep came to the New World, Indian rice grass was also braided with yucca for Navajo bedding and clothing.

NAVAJO name:
n’didli’dii "scorched"

HOPI name:
leehu
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative Americans.
 
Location. 36° 40.736′ N, 110° 32.419′ W. Marker is near Shonto, Arizona, in Navajo County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of State Highway 564 and County Highway 221. Marker is located along the Aspen Forest Overlook Trail, just north of the Navajo National Monument Visitor Center. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Shonto AZ 86054, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
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At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Big Sagebrush (within shouting distance of this marker); The Pygmy Conifer Forest - An Indian Store (within shouting distance of this marker); Wagon (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Upside-down Mountain (about 300 feet away); Canyons in Time (about 300 feet away); Dinosaur Footprint (about 300 feet away); Sweathouse (about 300 feet away); Sandal Trail (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shonto.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Aspen Forest Overlook Trail, Navajo National Monument
 
Also see . . .  Indian Ricegrass. As the common name implies, Native Americans utilized this species of grass in a manner analogous to that of rice by peoples of the Old World and their descendants. After parching the seeds to remove the hairs, the grain can be ground into meal and baked into bread, eaten as porridge, or made into other logical things to make from meal. (Submitted on January 12, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Indian Rice Grass Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, May 24, 2016
2. Indian Rice Grass Marker (wide view)
Aspen Forest Overlook Trail<br>(<i>Indian Rice Grass visible along right trail edge</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, May 24, 2016
3. Aspen Forest Overlook Trail
(Indian Rice Grass visible along right trail edge)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 13, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 12, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 172 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 12, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Feb. 28, 2024