Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Stela 12 of Piedras Negras

 
 
Stela 12 of Piedras Negras Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 30, 2019
1. Stela 12 of Piedras Negras Marker
Inscription.  

Estela 12 de Piedras Negras
(Reproducción. El original se encuentra en el Museo Nacional de Arqueología y Etnología de Guatemala)

Fue erigida por el Gobernante 7, quien nació en 750 d.C. durante la regencia del Gobernante 4. Aunque no es claro su parentesco, resulta probable que éste fuese su padre. Se entronizó el 29 de mayo de 781 d.C., poco después de la “extraña" muerte del Gobernante 6 y no es aventurado pensar que estuvo relacionado con su deceso. Con su llegada al trono se restauró el linaje Casa de la Tortuga. La mayoría de sus monumentos están en el Edificio 0-13 del Grupo Este, conocido en las inscripciones como Ho' Janaab Witz, ‘Montaña de las Cinco Flores' y vinculado con la creación del mundo.

La estela 12 se dedicó el 9 de octubre de 795 d.C. y contiene las firmas de al menos ocho escultores. Narra las batallas contra Santa Elena y Pomona, ciudades localizadas en la planicie tabasqueña. El Gobernante 7 aparece sentado sobre un basamento, a cuyos pies yacen nueve cautivos custodiados por dos guerreros. El de la izquierda es Op Chaahk ('Loro Chaahk'), sajal de La Mar y captor del prisionero
Stela 12 of Piedras Negras Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 30, 2019
2. Stela 12 of Piedras Negras Marker
The marker can be seen to the right of the stela reproduction. In the background is the reproduction of Edificio 2 of Hochob.
barbado que vemos en la parte inferior; captura también registrada en la Estela 3 de La Mar. Probablemente Op Chaahk fue hermano del Gobernante 7.

El guerrero a la derecha es de menor rango. Su tocado es similar al de Tiloom en el Panel 1 de La Pasadita y sajal de Yaxuun B'ahlam IV de Yaxchilán, lo cual sugiere que podría ser el mismo personaje. La estela 12 fue probablemente la última erigida en Piedras Negras al final del siglo VIII, ya que Kihnich Tatb'u Jolo'm III, último gobernante de Yaxchilán y nieto de Yaxuun B’ahlam IV, hizo prisionero al Gobernante 7 y saqueó la ciudad en 808 d.C.

English translation:
Stela 12 of Piedras Negras
(Reproduction. The original is in the National Museum of Archeology and Ethnology of Guatemala)

It was erected by Ruler 7, who was born in 750 A.D. during the regency of Ruler 4. Although his kinship is unclear, it is likely that he was his father. He was enthroned on May 29, 781 AD, shortly after the "strange" death of Ruler 6 and it is not risky to think that he was involved in his death. With his arrival on the throne the Turtle House lineage was restored. Its monuments are in Building 0-13 of the Eastern Group, known in the inscriptions as Ho 'Janaab Witz, or 'Mountain of the Five Flowers' and linked to the creation of the world.

Stela 12 was dedicated on October 9, 795 AD
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
and contains the signatures of at least eight sculptors, narrating the battles against Santa Elena and Pomona, cities located in the Tabasco Plains. Ruler 7 appears sitting on a base, at whose feet nine captives are guarded by two warriors, the one on the left is Op Chaahk ('Loro Chaahk'), sajal de La Mar and captor of the bearded prisoner we see at the bottom; the capture also recorded in Stela 3 of La Mar. Probably Op Chaahk was Brother of Ruler 7.

The warrior on the right is of a lesser rank. His headdress is similar to that of Tiloom in Panel 1 of La Pasadita and sajal de Yaxuun B'ahlam IV of Yaxchilán, which suggests that he could be the same person. Stela 12 was probably the last one erected in Piedras Negras at the end of the 8th century, since Kihnich Tatb'u Jolo'm III, last ruler of Yaxchilan and grandson of Yaxuun B'ahlam IV, imprisoned Ruler 7 and sacked the city in 808 AD.
 
Location. 19° 25.521′ N, 99° 11.195′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico. Marker can be reached from Avenida Paseo de la Reforma, on the left when traveling east. The marker and reproduction of the stela are on the grounds of the National Anthropological Museum of Mexico, south of the main building of the museum. The marker can only be seen by entering the museum grounds. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ciudad de Mexico 11100, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
of this marker. Ek Balam Building 1 (a few steps from this marker); Stela E of Quiriguá (within shouting distance of this marker); Monolith of Coatlinchán (about 210 meters away, measured in a direct line); The National Anthropology Museum of Mexico (about 210 meters away); Fountain of the Frogs (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); The Fountain of Nezahualcóyotl (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); The Eagle and the Serpent (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Fernando Montes de Oca, Child Hero of Mexico (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Categories. Anthropology & ArchaeologyArchitectureNative Americans
 

More. Search the internet for Stela 12 of Piedras Negras.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 13, 2020. This page originally submitted on January 13, 2020, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 31 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 13, 2020, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
Paid Advertisement