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Bayside in Charlotte County, New Brunswick — The Atlantic Provinces (North America)
 

In Champlain’s Footsteps / Sur les traces de Champlain

 
 
In Champlain’s Footsteps /<br>Sur les traces de Champlain Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 13, 2019
1. In Champlain’s Footsteps /
Sur les traces de Champlain Marker
Inscription.  
English:
The precise mapping of Acadie in the 17th century was the work of one individual — Samuel de Champlain.

Between May 1604 and August 1605, travelling by barque, pinnace, canoe or on foot, Champlain surveyed and charted the present-day south shore of Nova Scotia, the Bay of Fundy, and southward to Cape Cod. He accurately recorded the harbours and natural features, named landmarks, and noted what he learned from the Micmac, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy, and Abenaki (whom he called the Souriquois, Etechemins, and Almouchiquois, respectively).

From August 1605 until his return to France in August 1607, Champlain continued to explore Acadie from his base at the Port Royal Habitation.

Champlain brought clarity to North American cartography. His maps replaced the vague and contradictory ones of earlier map-makers from France, Spain, England and Portugal. His accounts provided information that greatly assisted in the future colonization of North America.

Français:
C'est Samuel de Champlain qui dresse la carte exacte de l'Acadie au XVIIe siècle.

En
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effet, de mai 1604 à août 1605, Champlain, voyageant en barque, en pinasse, en canot ou à pied, fait le relevé de l'actuelle côte sud de la Nouvelle-Écosse, de la baie de Fundy, et de toute la région sud, jusqu'au cap Cod, et en dresse les cartes. Il indique avec précision les ports et les caractéristiques naturelles, nomme des points d'intérêt, et consigne ce qu'il en apprend des Micmacs, des Malécites et Passamaquoddy, et des Abénakis (qu'il appelle respectivement les Souriquois, les Etechemins et les Almouchiquois).

D'août 1605 jusqu'à son retour en France en août 1607, Champlain continue à explorer l'Acadie depuis l'Habitation de Port-Royal.

Champlain met de l'ordre dans l'établissement des cartes de l'Amérique du Nord. Ses cartes, précises et exactes, remplacent les cartes peu claires et contradictoires-dressées par les premiers cartographes français, espagnols, anglais et portugais. Plus tard, les informations contenues dans ses récits de voyage aideront beaucoup à la colonisation de l'Amérique du Nord.
 
Erected by Parks Canada / Parcs Canada.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraExplorationWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Acadian History series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1604.
 
Location.
Marker detail: Samuel Champlain's Voyages in Acadie<br>Les voyages de Samuel de Champlain en Acadie image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Samuel Champlain's Voyages in Acadie
Les voyages de Samuel de Champlain en Acadie
May to September 1604 • June to August 1605
The place names in bold italic* are a selection of those given by the French during these voyages; the other place names are current usage.

De mai à septembre 1604 • De juin à août 1605
Les noms de lieux en italique et caractères gras* représentent une sélection des noms donnés par les Français au cours de ces voyages. Les autres noms de lieux sont ceux utilisés aujourd'hui.
45° 8.091′ N, 67° 6.779′ W. Marker is in Bayside, New Brunswick, in Charlotte County. Marker can be reached from New Brunswick Route 127, 9 kilometers south of New Brunswick Route 1, on the right when traveling south. Marker is located at the Saint Croix Island National Historic Site, along the interpretive trail. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3509 New Brunswick Highway 127, Bayside NB E5B 2V2, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Checkered History / Une historie mouvementée (a few steps from this marker); Moving on / Le déménagement (within shouting distance of this marker); A Winter of Despair / Un hiver de désespoir (within shouting distance of this marker); A French Colony in Acadie / Une colonie française en Acadie (within shouting distance of this marker); A Place to Settle / Un endroit où s’établir (within shouting distance of this marker); Where Two Worlds Met / Rencontre de deux mondes (within shouting distance of this marker); Saint Croix Island International Historic Site / Lieu historique international de l'Île Sainte-Croix (within shouting distance of this marker); The River Flows On... / La rivière poursuit son cours... (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bayside.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Saint Croix Island International
In Champlain’s Footsteps Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, July 13, 2019
3. In Champlain’s Footsteps Marker (wide view)
Historic Site / Île Sainte-Croix Lieu historique international
 
Also see . . .  Samuel de Champlain. French explorer, acknowledged founder of the city of Quebec, and consolidator of the French colonies in the New World. Champlain spent three winters in Acadia — the first on an island in the St. Croix River, where scurvy killed nearly half the party, and the second and third, which claimed the lives of fewer men, at Annapolis Basin. During the summers he searched for an ideal site for colonization. His explorations led him down the Atlantic coast southward to Massachusetts Bay and beyond, mapping in detail the harbours that his English rivals had only touched. (Submitted on January 16, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 15, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 166 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on January 15, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3. submitted on January 16, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Jun. 20, 2024