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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oxford in Calhoun County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Mississippi Earthen Mounds

AD 1000 to AD 1625

 

— Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —

 
Mississippi Earthen Mounds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 26, 2020
1. Mississippi Earthen Mounds Marker
Inscription.  During the Mississippi period earthen mound construction resumed at Choccolocco. Mound building was a community effort and these earthen constructions served as the center of community life for large towns like the one depicted at right. This scene would have been very similar to the view from the top of the mound looking to the south. The earthen mound here was largely destroyed in the 1950s by the previous land owner and has been reconstructed based on information obtained by archaeologists. The archaeologists used ground-penetrating radar and a tool called a flux-gate gradiometer that detects subtle variations in earth's magnetic field in order to look into the subsurface to "see" what remained of the mound and how it was oriented. This was followed by excavations that produced cross-sections of the different soil layers that remained from the original mound construction.
 
Erected 2016 by the City of Oxford.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
 
Location. 33° 36.193′ N, 85° 
Mississippi Earthen Mounds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 26, 2020
2. Mississippi Earthen Mounds Marker
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47.475′ W. Marker is in Oxford, Alabama, in Calhoun County. Marker can be reached from Leon Smith Parkway. Located within Choccolocco Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 954 Leon Smith Parkway, Oxford AL 36203, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex (here, next to this marker); Mississippi Agriculture (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Muscogee (Creek) Nation (about 700 feet away); Reconstructing the Cultural Landscape (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named Muscogee (Creek) Nation (about 700 feet away); Archaic (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named Muscogee (Creek) Nation (about 800 feet away); The Prehistoric, Protohistoric & Historic Periods (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxford.
 
View of marker (on left of two) and the rebuilt mound. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 26, 2020
3. View of marker (on left of two) and the rebuilt mound.
Entrance sign to the Chocolocco Park. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 26, 2020
4. Entrance sign to the Chocolocco Park.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 28, 2020, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 76 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 28, 2020, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Apr. 12, 2021