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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Oxford, Alabama

 
Clickable Map of Calhoun County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Calhoun County, AL (82) Cherokee County, AL (39) Cleburne County, AL (2) Etowah County, AL (37) St. Clair County, AL (18) Talladega County, AL (29)  CalhounCounty(82) Calhoun County (82)  CherokeeCounty(39) Cherokee County (39)  CleburneCounty(2) Cleburne County (2)  EtowahCounty(37) Etowah County (37)  St.ClairCounty(18) St. Clair County (18)  TalladegaCounty(29) Talladega County (29)
Location of Oxford, Alabama
    Calhoun County (82)
    Cherokee County (39)
    Cleburne County (2)
    Etowah County (37)
    St. Clair County (18)
    Talladega County (29)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Archaic — 9,500 BC to 1,250 BC — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The Archaic period covers a vast expanse of time (8,250 years). Many changes occurred during the Archaic period. For example, the climate and vegetation that Early Archaic people saw was much different than the climate and vegetation that Late . . . Map (db m160554) HM
2Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Better Understandings, New Friendships — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
In 2007, the City of Oxford began planning what is today known as Choccolocco Park. Discoveries at the site identified the presence of the humans inhabiting this land as early as 10,000 years ago. Oxford undertook an archaeological investigation . . . Map (db m144980) HM
3Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Boiling Springs Road — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Boiling Springs Road once provided a vital transportation link across Choccolocco Creek for residents of the valley. The road received its name from the Boiling Spring (pictured below and to the right) located across the creek at this location. . . . Map (db m145023) HM
4Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Caver-Christian-Davis Farm — AD 1832 to AD 1865 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Choccolocco Park is located on land that was farmed by the Caver, Christian and Davis families from 1840 until the late twentieth century. During the Great Depression, the farm was documented by the Historic American Building Survey. The subjects . . . Map (db m145025) HM
5Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Charcoal Production at Caver-Christian-Davis Farm — AD 1865 to AD 2000 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
When workers began excavating the lake for Choccolocco Park, they uncovered several large charcoal-filled ditches that formed circles. Archaeologists investigated these features and determined that these were the remains of 19th century charcoal . . . Map (db m144947) HM
6Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Creek Indian Campaign Memorial
A Memorial to Gen. Andrew Jackson, the Tennessee Patriots, the Alabama Patriots, and pioneers who by their courage and fortitude in 1813 - 1814, won five successful battles in the Creek Indian Campaign. Side . . . Map (db m106593) HM
7Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Historic Oxford
First incorporated as a town, February 7, 1852, in Benton County, Oxford's second incorporation was approved February 21, 1860 in Calhoun County. Long before this territory was “settled”, it was inhabited by Creek Indians. In the time . . . Map (db m106589) HM
8Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Mississippi Agriculture — AD 1000 to AD 1625 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The Mississippian inhabitants of Choccolocco were skilled agriculturalists who grew corn, squash and beans in addition to the many wild plants that they harvested. Archaeologists working here have found the remains of many of these plants in the . . . Map (db m144950) HM
9Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Mississippi Earthen Mounds — AD 1000 to AD 1625 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
During the Mississippi period earthen mound construction resumed at Choccolocco. Mound building was a community effort and these earthen constructions served as the center of community life for large towns like the one depicted at right. This . . . Map (db m144936) HM
10Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Muscogee (Creek) Nation — Arbeka (Abihka) Ceremonial Ground — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Welcome! We are the Arbeka (Abihka). This is the ceremonial ground of our ancestors who once called this valley their home. When the Arbeka (Abihka) were forced to remove to Oklahoma they carried the sacred fire from this place to their new home. . . . Map (db m144923) HM
11Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Muscogee (Creek) Nation — "Little Brother of War" — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The ancestral traditions of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation are still practiced today. Among these is a game called “Little Brother of War" or "stickball”. The game is used to settle disagreements, to toughen warriors and sometimes for . . . Map (db m144938) HM
12Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Muscogee (Creek) Nation — AD 1730 to AD 1832 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
By AD 1730, the English, French and Spanish had all established colonies in the region. It was also around this time that the people within the Coosa, Tallapoosa and Chattahoochee Valleys, known to history as the Arbekas (Abihkas), Tallapoosas, . . . Map (db m145022) HM
13Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Paleoindian — 12,750 BC to 9,500 BC — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The people living during the Paleoindian period experienced a world very different from that we know today. These people lived during the last ice age when large mammals still roamed North America. Archaeologists sometimes refer to these . . . Map (db m144948) HM
14Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Reconstructing the Cultural Landscape — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The stone mound here once sat on nearby Signal Mountain and is now understood to be part of a much larger cultural landscape. Working with the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and the people of the Arbeka (Abihka) Ceremonial Ground, archaeologist Robert . . . Map (db m144927) HM
15Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Simmons Park
The town of Oxford was first incorporated by the Alabama legislature in 1852. The original boundaries included a one square mile area enlarged in 1860. Oxford became active as a cotton and trading center but during the Civil War growth slowed, and . . . Map (db m106591) HM
16Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — The "Shattering" of the Mississippian World — AD 1540 to AD 1730 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
The arrival of European explorers and colonists in North America disrupted the Mississippian world in ways that researchers are still working to understand. Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto arrived in the interior in AD 1540. He traveled . . . Map (db m144973) HM
17Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — The Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex — Alabama Indigenous Mound Trail
Centered around Boiling Spring, the Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex once consisted of at least three earthen mounds, a large stone mound, and a large snake effigy (representation) also made of stone. The largest earthen mound once . . . Map (db m144926) HM
18Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — The Muscogee (Creek) Nation Today — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Today, the people who once inhabited this region of Alabama are recognized by the federal government as belonging to several tribes: the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Kialegee Tribal Town, and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of . . . Map (db m144937) HM
19Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — The Prehistoric, Protohistoric & Historic Periods — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
{Timeline from 12,500 BC to AD 1979} Creek Chiefs During the Removal Period Selocta, Chinnabee, Soletawv Cetto Yupe, Horned Snake Soldier Opothle Yahola Menawa William McIntoshMap (db m145089) HM
20Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Welcome to the Choccolocco Park — Interpretive Trail
The interpretive trail winds through what was once the 19th century Muscogee (Creek) Nation town of Choccolocco. Archaeologists have found evidence that Native Americans began coming to this place about 8,000 BC and the establishment of long-term . . . Map (db m145097) HM
21Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Woodland — 1,250 BC to AD 1000 — Choccolocco Park Interpretive Trail —
Woodland period people established permanent communities within a climate and forest that was very similar to that experienced by today's residents of the Choccolocco Valley. By AD 100, the residents had started constructing the earthen mound . . . Map (db m144977) HM
 
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Apr. 12, 2021