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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hyattsville in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Treaty at Fort McIntosh / President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" Address

 
 
The Treaty at Fort McIntosh side of the marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 28, 2020
1. The Treaty at Fort McIntosh side of the marker
Inscription.  
The Treaty at Fort McIntosh

On January 21, 1785, sixteen months after the United States had signed the peace treaty in Paris with Great Britain to formally end the Revolutionary War, a peace treaty was signed at Fort McIntosh in Ohio.

On one side were the Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, and on the other were the Sachems (leaders) and warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Chippewa, and Ottawa Indian nations.

In exchange for goods and for land to be exclusively theirs, these nations agreed to
(1) Formally recognize that they were now solely under the protection of the United States and

(2) Return all prisoners, black and white.

This treaty was selected to be displayed because of its particularly vivid pictograph signatures of the Indian signatories.

Signatories to the treaty:

Go. Clark; Richard Butler; Arthur Lee; Daunghquat, his X Mark; Abraham Kuhn, his X mark; Ottawerreri, his X mark; Hobocan, his X mark; Walendightun, his X mark; Talapoxic, his X mark; Wingenum, his X mark; Packelant,
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" Address side of the marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 28, 2020
2. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" Address side of the marker
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his X mark; Gingewanno, his X mark; Waanoos, his X mark; Konalawassee, his X mark; Shawnaqum, his X mark; and Quecookkia, his X mark.

The copy of this treaty was provided by the National Archives and Records Administration.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" Address

On Monday, December 8, 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt addressed Congress and the nation:

Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by Naval and Air Forces of the Empire of Japan.

The destruction that morning on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, was devastating:

2388 military and civilian personnel were killed; 1177 — almost half of those who lost their lives — had been aboard the USS Arizona.

48 civilians — men, women, and children — were killed.

About 1180 military and civilian personnel were wounded.

Approximately 325 aircraft were damaged or destroyed.

21 vessels were sunk or damaged.

This attack drew America into a World War against Japan and Germany that would last until September 2, 1945.

With gratitude we remember the men and the women who
The Treaty at Fort McIntosh / President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" Address Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 28, 2020
3. The Treaty at Fort McIntosh / President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Day of Infamy" Address Marker
The marker is the third from the left.
fought for the dignity of humankind and its right to live in freedom.

President Roosevelt's original speech is located at the FDR Library in Hyde Park, New York. This copy was provided by the National Archives and Records Administration.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Air & SpaceForts and CastlesNative AmericansWar, US RevolutionaryWar, World IIWars, US IndianWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #32 Franklin D. Roosevelt series list. A significant historical date for this entry is January 21, 1785.
 
Location. 38° 58.187′ N, 76° 57.143′ W. Marker is in Hyattsville, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker is on Toledo Road just west of America Boulevard, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville MD 20782, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Constitution / The 19th Amendment (here, next to this marker); To Serve and Defend / Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka (here, next to this marker); A Nation of Immigrants / The Original 13 States (here, next to this marker); The Declaration of Independence / President John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address (here, next to this marker);
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The Bill of Rights / The Statue of Liberty (a few steps from this marker); The Louisiana Purchase / Edison's Light Bulb Patent (a few steps from this marker); The Lewis & Clark Expedition / The 15th Amendment (a few steps from this marker); The Gettysburg Address / The Emancipation Proclamation (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hyattsville.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 29, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 28, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 117 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 28, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Apr. 13, 2021