Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The United States declared war on Germany in April 1917. Largely through the efforts of Chillicothe attorney John Poland, the War Department selected Chillicothe as the site of an army training camp for inductees from Ohio, West Virginia, and western Pennsylvania. Construction began at Camp Sherman, named for Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman, in June 1917. When the first recruits arrived in September, more than fourteen thousand workers had erected two thousand buildings on the 1,700-acre site. The rapid influx of soldiers increased Chillicothe's population from 16,000 to 60,000.
The worldwide Spanish influenza epidemic arrived at Camp Sherman in September 1918. Of the 8.000 people infected, 1,100 died within two months. Two hundred German prisoners were interned here from July 1918 to September 1919. Four divisions -- 123,581 men -- trained at Camp Sherman. The 83rd and 84th divisions went overseas, but the 95th and 96th did not complete training before the November 1918 armistice. Discharges began within days and were completed by July 1920. The government sold the buildings but
Erected 2001 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Chillicothe and Ross County 2003 Commission, The Ross County Historical Society, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 7-71.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Science & Medicine • War, World I. In addition, it is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1917.
Location. 39° 21.304′ N, 83° 0.018′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is on Ohio Route 104, on the left when traveling north. Marker is near the shelter house of Camp Sherman Memorial Park, off Pleasant Valley Road, west of Ohio Route 104. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Camp Sherman Memorial Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Bull (approx. half a mile away); Harold "Pat" White Jr. (approx. half a mile away); Story Mound (approx. 0.9 miles away); Effigy Pipes (approx. 1˝ miles away); Ceremonial Places (approx. 1˝ miles Cultural Transitions (approx. 1˝ miles away); Elliptical Mound (approx. 1˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on December 24, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,676 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 24, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 4. submitted on October 21, 2014, by Darryl R Smith of Cincinnati, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.