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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Quincy in Adams County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Marquette & Jolliet

Europeans Arrive

 
 
Marquette & Jolliet Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, May 11, 2020
1. Marquette & Jolliet Marker
Inscription.  
In AD 1673, Pere Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit missionary, Louis Jolliet, a mapmaker, and a small party of Frenchmen explore the Mississippi River by canoe. In eastern Missouri they find a village of the Peoria, one of the tribes that speaks the Illinois language. The explorers continue downstream to the mouth of the Arkansas River before returning upstream. When they reach the confluence of the Mississippi and Illinois rivers, they take the Illinois back to Lake Michigan. On the way they find the Kaskaskia, another Illinois-speaking tribe, near Starved Rock.

Europeans bring brass hatchets, religious medallions, glass beads, muskets, metal containers, and more. Native Americans trade furs and other things to obtain these new objects.

When Europeans arrive, they pose the most formidable challenge faced by Native Americans in 12,000 years. Some aspects of change such as new materials and tools are beneficial. But new diseases and conflict mean a struggle to survive and bring an end to some groups when they merge with other tribes. As European and American colonies expand, many Native Americans leave traditional homelands,
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Illinois is a temporary home for eastern tribes such as the Sac, Fox, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Miami, Mascouten, and others.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraExplorationNative Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1673.
 
Location. 39° 54.943′ N, 91° 24.587′ W. Marker is in Quincy, Illinois, in Adams County. Marker is on Indian Mounds Park just west of South 5th Street, on the right when traveling east. Marker is in Indian Mounds Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1500 South 5th Street, Quincy IL 62301, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mississippian (a few steps from this marker); Woodland (within shouting distance of this marker); Quincy (within shouting distance of this marker); Archaic (within shouting distance of this marker); Paleoindian (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Indian Mounds Park (about 300 feet away); The Monument (approx. ¼ mile away); Honoring Soldiers (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Quincy.
 
Marquette & Jolliet Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jason Voigt, May 11, 2020
2. Marquette & Jolliet Marker
Marker is the sixth as part of the Indian Mounds Trail
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 16, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 16, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 203 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 16, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 12, 2024