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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Wakulla Springs in Wakulla County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

A Point in Prehistory

 
 
A Point in Prehistory Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, March 10, 2015
1. A Point in Prehistory Marker
Inscription.  On January 23, 1995, a vestige of Florida's ancient past emerged from the soil at Wakulla Springs State Park. During an archaeological investigation prior to a construction project, state archaeologist Calvin Jones uncovered a rare Paleolndian knife blade. This unusual blade, called a Simpson preform, was made of chert, a flint-like substance found in Florida. It was probably crafted by people living near the spring 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. They may have used such blades for skinning mastodon and bison. What is unique about this tool is its size; rarely are such implements found, and very seldom are they intact. Was it lost? Was it stored for later use? Or was someone forced to drop it in a hurry? We will never know.

One thing we know for certain is that human communities flourished at Wakulla Springs for thousands of years. People built a village near the water source and hunted large animals nearby. They buried their dead with ceremony. Other state parks with major springs, such as lchetucknee Springs, Rainbow Springs, De Leon Springs, and Blue Spring, may also yield valuable information about Florida's first people.

During
Marker detail: Paleoindian Knife Blade Reproduction image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, March 10, 2015
2. Marker detail: Paleoindian Knife Blade Reproduction
Reproduction of large bifacial core shaped to Suwannee/Simpson-like preform (Paleoindian knife blade 10,000-12,000 B.P.) found at Wakulla Springs. The original is on display at the Museum of Florida History in Tallahassee.
his long career with the State of Florida, Calvin Jones (1938-1998) made some of the most important discoveries of human habitation in Florida. He was known as the "people's archaeologist" because of his enthusiasm for sharing his knowledge and love of the past.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative AmericansParks & Recreational Areas.
 
Location. 30° 14.059′ N, 84° 18.087′ W. Marker is in Wakulla Springs, Florida, in Wakulla County. Marker can be reached from Wakulla Park Drive half a mile north of Wakulla Springs Road (State Highway 61). Marker is located along the walkway, just north of the Wakulla Springs Lodge, within Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 550 Wakulla Park Drive, Crawfordville FL 32327, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wakulla Springs Archaeological & Historic District (within shouting distance of this marker); Edward Ball (within shouting distance of this marker); Supplies Are Low (approx. 4 miles away); Tallahassee - St. Marks Railroad (approx. 7.6 miles away); Fort St. Marks Military Cemetery (approx. 7.9 miles away); Princess Malee "Milly" Francis (approx.
Marker detail: Calvin Jones image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: Calvin Jones
7.9 miles away); San Marcos de Apalache (approx. 7.9 miles away); a different marker also named San Marcos de Apalache (approx. 7.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wakulla Springs.
 
Also see . . .
1. Archaeology dig near Wakulla Springs Lodge. Florida's first transplants arrived some 15,000 years ago. They may have lived around what is now Wakulla Springs Lodge, where they hunted for bison, made tools from Mastodon tusks, and ran for their lives from dire wolves and bears. (Submitted on July 18, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. 15,000 Year-Old Pre-Clovis at Wakulla Springs. It’s a 15,000-year-old, Paleoindian site that fascinates these scientists – more a series of sites clustered around the freshwater springs and river at the Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park. The primary area their group is working in is a pit on the edge of the Wakulla Springs Lodge Site, a Paleo-Indian site first documented in 1995 when a park archaeologist was conducting a small excavation near the Lodge and found distinctive Paleoindian and late Archaic tools and other items that date the site to at least 13,000 years ago. (Submitted on July 18, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. B. Calvin Jones (Wikipedia). B. Calvin Jones was an American archaeologist and discoverer
A Point in Prehistory Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, March 10, 2015
4. A Point in Prehistory Marker
(Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park in background)
of historic sites in Florida. He is listed as a Great Floridian. (Submitted on July 18, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, March 10, 2015
5. Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park
(turn here to access marker)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 18, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 16, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 57 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 17, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 18, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Mar. 8, 2021