Hagerstown in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Washington Confederate Cemetery
Immediately after the Civil War, Union casualties in the Frederick-Washington County areas were re-interred at a new National Cemetery at Sharpsburg. Yet no provisions were made to provide decent burial for thousands of hastily-buried Confederates. To address this problem, the State of Maryland chartered the Washington Confederate Cemetery in 1870 and authorized funds to collect and bury the Confederates in one place. In 1872, the Board of Trustees of the Cemetery, led by Hagerstonian and former Confederate officer Colonel Henry Kyd Douglas purchased 2.75 acres from Rose Hill Cemetery and took the next three years to collect the rebel soldiers.These grounds are hallowed with the remains of approximately 346 identified and 2,122 unknown Confederate servicemen who perished in the Antietam, Gettysburg and Monocacy campaigns.
The Cemetery was formally dedicated on June 15, 1877. The keynote speaker was former Confederate General Fitzhugh Lee.
In September, 1961, former President Dwight D. Eisenhower and General Ulysses S. Grant III rededicated Washington Confederate Cemetery in a large ceremony commemorating the
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, speaking at the 1961 rededication of the cemetery.Washington County Historical Society
(Left center picture)
Col. Isaac E. Avery, 6th North Carolina State Troops (1826-1863) Richard Clem
At Gettysburg, Avery commanded Hoke's Brigade in an assault on Cemetery Hill late in the evening of July 2,1863. Mortally wounded in the assault, he broke off a nearby twig and wrote the following note in his own blood to his second-in-command: "Major: Tell my father that I died with my face to the enemy." Col Avery soon passed and his servant Elijah attempted to return the remains to North Carolina for burial. However, hot and foul weather, road conditions and the movements of the armies delayed his efforts and Elijah made it only as far as Williamsport where the Colonel had to be buried. After the war, Avery was re-interred here. The note is today held in the collection of the North Carolina State Archives.
(Right upper picture)
Former Confederate General Fitzhugh Lee, center, on gray horse. This photo was taken in Havana, Cuba in 1898 while he served as a major general in the U.S. Volunteers during the Spanish-American War. Stephen R. Bockmiller
(Right lower picture)
Col. Lumpkin was wounded in the leg by artillery fire on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. His leg amputated, he was transported in the "long wagon train of misery" in the Confederate retreat toward Virginia. Unable to go any further, Lumpkin was left in Hagerstown by the retreating army and fell into Union hands. In September, he died in Hagerstown of typhoid. Originally buried in the Presbyterian Church Cemetery, he was moved here in 1913.
Erected by Heart of the Civil War Maryland Heritage Area.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #34 Dwight D. Eisenhower series list.
Location. 39° 37.738′ N, 77° 43.514′ W. Marker is in Hagerstown, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on outh Potomac Street (Maryland Route 65), on the right when traveling north. Located between Spruce Street and Garlinger Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hagerstown MD 21740, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Washington Confederate Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Washington Confederate CemeteryJacob Wheaton (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Thomas Kennedy (about 700 feet away); Rose Hill Cemetery (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Rose Hill Cemetery (approx. ¼ mile away); 1810-1830 (approx. ¼ mile away); 1850-1870 (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hagerstown.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 29, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 23, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,423 times since then and 167 times this year. Last updated on July 23, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on July 23, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.