“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Marineland in Flagler County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)

Middens And Mounds

Middens And Mounds Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Brandon D Cross, July 25, 2020
1. Middens And Mounds Marker
Prehistoric Garbage Piles
The Native Americans that lived here for thousands of years are known only from the middens and mounds they left behind. Imagine if there were no big trucks to haul your garbage away. What if you simply tossed your trash into the backyard? Over time, you would create what archaeologists call a midden. What would your midden be made of? The Marineland Midden, first described in 1885, was 15 feet high. It contained layers of shell, broken pottery, and “bones of fish and fowl, of turtle, alligator and deer.”

Today, the ancient shell heaps are mostly gone. Many were destroyed when the shell was mined for roadfill.

Respecting The Dead
Mounds of sand and shell were used for burials. Native Floridians began to build mounds to bury their dead about 1500 years ago. The Benton Mound in Flagler County contained the remains of 7 to 9 people. Their ages were between 4 and 30. A young child was buried in a deep central pit, then covered with sand. Archaeologists studying the mound discovered a quartz crystal, a shell dipper, and a pot. They also found pieces of at least
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15 pots scattered within the mound.

In January 1998, Independent Florida Seminole Bobby Billie reburied the remains of a Native American. The bones had been accidentally unearthed in a parking lot area. This spot was once the site of a prehistoric burial mound.

Archaeological sites are protected by federal and state laws. In Florida, Chapter 872, Florida Statutes, protects human burials on public and private property. Help protect unmarked human burial sites by reporting them to the State Archaeologist at 850-487-2299.
Erected by A1A Scenic & Historic Coastal Byway.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyCemeteries & Burial SitesNative Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1885.
Location. 29° 39.933′ N, 81° 12.683′ W. Marker is near Marineland, Florida, in Flagler County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Ocean Shore Boulevard (Florida Route A1A) and Whitney Drive, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9805 N Ocean Shore Blvd, Palm Coast FL 32137, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Coquina (within shouting distance of this marker); Marineland (approx. 0.2 miles away); Submarine Hill (approx. ¼ mile away);
Middens And Mounds Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Brandon D Cross, July 25, 2020
2. Middens And Mounds Marker
Marineland-The World’s First Oceanarium (approx. ¼ mile away); Princess Place Estate (approx. 1.7 miles away); Old Highway A1A (approx. 2.2 miles away); The Citrus Groves (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Studio (approx. 2.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Marineland.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 26, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 480 times since then and 119 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 26, 2020, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 28, 2023