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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Circleville in Piute County, Utah — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

The Circleville Massacre

April 1866

 
 
The Circleville Massacre Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jacob Oscarson, July 26, 2020
1. The Circleville Massacre Marker
Inscription.  During the Black Hawk War, on November 26, 1865, Ute Chief Tamaritz's band of around twelve warriors raided the thinly populated settlement of Circleville—ill-prepared to defend itself—killing four citizens.

Believing that Paiutes had aligned with the Utes, regional militia officers decided to question "All straggling Indians in the vicinity." After a skirmish between two local Paiutes and militia men near Fort Sanford, settlers received word that two Paiutes had shot a member of the Utah Militia, and the area's military commander advised Circleville and Panguitch residents to disarm the Paiutes encamped near those settlements.

Circleville residents met and decided to convince the local band of Paiutes to come into town to hear a letter read by the local bishop. The men who complied were disarmed and placed under guard, and the women and children were held in a cellar.

What happened next is not clear. One recorded account states that two young Paiute men attempted an escape amid gunfire, one successfully; it was then decided to put all the captives to death. The settlers buried the bodies of their victims in a mass

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grave. Several young Paiute children thought too young to bear witness were spared and adopted by local families. Soon after the incident, Circleville was abandoned.

In 1874, Circleville was re-settled by another group of settlers.

On April 22, 2016, Representatives of the Town of Circleville, Paiute Tribe of Utah, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Utah Division of State History, and Utah Westerners dedicated this monument. The monument was paid for by numerous caring organizations and individuals.
 
Topics. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWars, US Indian.
 
Location. 38° 10.318′ N, 112° 16.193′ W. Marker is in Circleville, Utah, in Piute County. Memorial is on U.S. 89, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Circleville UT 84723, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. To the Memory of the Koosharem Band Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (here, next to this marker); Circleville (within shouting distance of this marker); Piute County Courthouse (approx. 5.3 miles away).
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.

 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 1, 2020, by Jacob Oscarson of Salt Lake City, Utah. This page has been viewed 57 times since then and 3 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on August 1, 2020, by Jacob Oscarson of Salt Lake City, Utah. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Jan. 17, 2021