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New Concord in Muskingum County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The New Concord Underground Railroad

Civil War Story

 
 
The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Betty Irick Blumenstein, August 5, 2020
1. The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker
close up, side A
Inscription.  (side a)
“God had made of one blood all men to dwell upon the earth”
-Reformed Presbyterian 1842

The Scotch-Irish residents of the New Concord area were predominantly Presbyterian, Reformed Presbyterian, Associate Presbyterian and Associate Reformed Presbyterian. The last three denominations were resolutely anti-slavery churches.

Hostile to the stringent Fugitive Slave Act (1855) as immoral, they joined like-minded people in Putnam (to the west) and Barnesville (to the east) in aiding brave fugitives fleeing north towards Roscoe. Norwich, Bloomfield and New Concord harbored a total of six “safehouses.” Fourteen residents were “conductors.”

The Alexander Brown House

A cabin built on this site by David Findley in 1809 was the home of Alexander Brown, a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. Escaping slaves, such as Mary Adaline Lewis of Charlestown, Virginia, hid in a cave at the rear of the lot.

(side b)
(continued)
The Brick Hotel

In
The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Betty Irick Blumenstein, August 5, 2020
2. The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker
close up, side b
the 1850’s Ichabod, Hannah, Levi, and Austin Grummond operated a “safehouse’ on the National Road, in an 1828 brick hotel built opposite here by Judge David Findley. To the east, Isaac Grummond had a “safehouse’ in his cabinet shop. To the west, Dr. John Hull published the Clarion of Freedom, an abolitionist newspaper (1846- 1856). The Grummonds were Presbyterian and ignored their denomination’s equivocation on slavery. They were included in the circle of radical religious thinkers who considered the Fugitive Slave Law immoral. These included Reformed Presbyterians Robert West Speer and his brother William, whose farms straddled the National Road west of town, and Associate Presbyterians Dr. John Hull, William and John Jamisom of Norwich and Samuel Scott of Bloomfield. James Boyd and Mitchell Cunningham were also “conductors.”

“Christian Soldiers, Marching as to War”

Radical religious views on slavery propelled many local men to service in the Civil War, chiefly in Sherman’s command. Seventy percent of the male population of Union Township served as soldiers. They dominated companies of the 15th, 78th, and 97th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The 78th was organized by Muskingum College’s music teacher, Horace Munson. Robert Burns Brown, Alexander’s son, was given the Congressional Medal of Honor for actions
The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Betty Irick Blumenstein, August 5, 2020
3. The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker
full view of marker
at Missionary Ridge, Cattanooga, Tennessee. His Muskingum College classmate, William Richey, received the honor at Chickamauga. George Loyd was so recognized for action at Vicksburg.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRChurches & ReligionWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 39° 59.609′ N, 81° 44.152′ W. Marker is in New Concord, Ohio, in Muskingum County. Marker is on West Main Street (Old National Road) (U.S. 22/40) east of Spragg Alley, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 64 West Main Street, New Concord OH 43762, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John Glenn (within shouting distance of this marker); Robert Francis Harper (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Birthplace of William Rainey Harper (about 300 feet away); New Concord War Memorial (about 400 feet away); New Concord (about 400 feet away); College Drive Presbyterian Church (about 400 feet away); Muskingum College (about 500 feet away); Findley Settlement (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Concord.
 
The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Betty Irick Blumenstein, August 5, 2020
4. The New Concord Underground Railroad Marker
marker as seen from a distance
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 5, 2020, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. This page has been viewed 91 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 5, 2020, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Feb. 28, 2021