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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Clinton in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Surratt Tavern

Confederate Safe House

 

— John Wilkes Booth - Escape of an Assassin —

 
Surratt Tavern Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 9, 2020
1. Surratt Tavern Marker
Inscription.  
Owned and operated by the ardently pro-Southern Surratt family, this building was used by Confederate agents as a safe house during the Civil War. Built in 1852, the structure was a tavern, hostelry, and post office.

Surratt's son, John, Jr., a Confederate courier, came into contact with actor John Wilkes Booth in the fall of 1864. Booth planned to kidnap President Abraham Lincoln, and Surratt was to help convey Lincoln to Richmond. The tavern was to serve as a way-station during the kidnapping. Weapons and supplies were secreted here.

In December 1864, Surratt's mother, Mary E. Surratt, rented out the tavern and moved to her other home on H Street in Washington. Booth visited there often, and two of his conspirators boarded with her briefly. Eventually the kidnapping plan turned to assassination, and after Booth shot the president on April 14, 1865, he and accomplice David A. Herold came directly here to retrieve the weapons the conspirators had stashed earlier. They arrived at midnight, then headed south toward the hamlet of T.B.

Mrs. Surratt's tenant here later gave damaging testimony that sent her to
Surratt Tavern Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 9, 2020
2. Surratt Tavern Marker
the gallows on July 7, 1865—the first woman executed by the federal government. Her son fled to Canada but later returned, was tried and acquitted, and moved to Baltimore.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceNotable EventsWar, US CivilWomen. In addition, it is included in the Booth's Escape, the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists.
 
Location. 38° 45.869′ N, 76° 53.846′ W. Marker is in Clinton, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker is on Brandywine Road 0.1 miles north of Horseshoe Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9118 Brandywine Rd, Clinton MD 20735, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. John Wilkes Booth (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named John Wilkes Booth (a few steps from this marker); The Mary Surratt House (within shouting distance of this marker); Crucifix (approx. 0.2 miles away); Louise F. Cosca Regional Park (approx. 2.4 miles away); Thrift School (approx. 2.7
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miles away); His Lordship’s Kindness (approx. 3 miles away); Slaves’ Infirmary [on His Lordship’s Kindness] (approx. 3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Clinton.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker has replaced the linked marker. Notably different is the information in the final paragraph.
 
Additional keywords. outlaws, conspiracies, John Wilkes Booth, Mary Surratt
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 9, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 9, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 149 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 9, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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Feb. 28, 2021