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Menoken in Burleigh County, North Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Menoken Village State Historic Site

 
 
Menoken Village State Historic Site Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Connor Olson, September 16, 2019
1. Menoken Village State Historic Site Marker
Inscription.  Menoken Village is a terminal Late Woodland (ca. AD 1200) settlement on Apple Creek, an eastern tributary of the Missouri River. Menoken is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The site is also a registered National Historic Landmark Site due to information it contains regarding the transition from a hunting-gathering lifeway (the Late Woodland tradition) to hunting-gardening involving maize, beans, sunflower, and squash (the Plains Village tradition).

The focus in excavation and artifact studies from 1998-2006 has been on understanding architecture, the use of space within and around dwellings, dating the site, and on substances and material remains. Village subsistence centered on bison hunting. Menoken residents conducted very little gardening but were substantially influenced by established early Plains Village horticultural groups in nearby northern South Dakota. Contact and acculturation are evident in a sparse occurrence of maize and a ceramic assemblage that blends stylistic and technological features from both Woodland and Plains Village traditions.

The lithic technological system featured heavy reliance

Fieldstone Shelter image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Connor Olson, September 16, 2019
2. Fieldstone Shelter
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on Knife River flint quarried and processed at locations distant from the settlement. Gulf coast marine shell and native copper artifacts occur in small numbers.

A prominent semicircular ditch with four large bastions enclosed 1.5 acres. Some evidence suggests that part of the original village was eroded away by Apple Creek, implying an original settlement with 30+ dwellings. Two distinct, earth-covered, oval house types occur: (1) semisubterranean with an interior entry ramp, and (2) at the surface with many wall posts. Entrance face northeast, southwest, and southeast. Single excavated examples of surface and pit houses do not differ in season of use or overall function.

Photo captions:
Upper left: Menoken Village aerial photograph
Lower left: Menoken Village photograph with House 17 in the foreground
Lower middle: Plan map of House 17
Plan map of House 2
Upper right: Menoken Village plan map
Middle right: Excavation of House 17 in 2005
Lower right: Excavation of House 2 in 1999

 
Erected by State Historical Society of North Dakota.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyLandmarks

Excavated Earthlodge image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Connor Olson, September 16, 2019
3. Excavated Earthlodge
Native Americans. In addition, it is included in the National Historic Landmarks series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1200.
 
Location. 46° 50.46′ N, 100° 31.106′ W. Marker is in Menoken, North Dakota, in Burleigh County. Marker can be reached from 171st Street Northeast, 0.3 miles north of 30th Avenue Northeast, on the right when traveling north. Located in a fieldstone shelter at Menoken Village State Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Menoken ND 58558, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Menoken Indian Village Site (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Menoken Village State Historic Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Archeological Studies At Menoken Village (within shouting distance of this marker); Investigating a Pit House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Trade at Menoken (about 500 feet away); Apple Creek (approx. 3.1 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Menoken Village State Historic Site. (Submitted on August 12, 2020, by Connor Olson of Kewaskum, Wisconsin.)
 
Apple Creek image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Connor Olson, September 16, 2019
4. Apple Creek
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 13, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 12, 2020, by Connor Olson of Kewaskum, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 79 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 12, 2020, by Connor Olson of Kewaskum, Wisconsin. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Mar. 27, 2023