“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Holly Grove in Monroe County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)

The Purchase: 1801-1803

— Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park —

The Purchase: 1801-1803 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, May 15, 2015
1. The Purchase: 1801-1803 Marker
Inscription.  President Thomas Jefferson learned Spain had ceded the Louisiana Territory back to France in early 1801. Fearing Napoleon would close the Mississippi to American trade, the President sent Ambassador Robert Livingston to Paris (September, 1801) to warn France the United States would not tolerate a loss of its trade outlet or American colonies.

In 1802, as Napoleon readied to occupy New Orleans with military troops, President Jefferson dispatched Pierre du Pont de Nemours to France to inform the French the United States would form a military alliance with England should they annex Louisiana. With the growing threat of French occupation, the President then sent James Monroe to Paris with the authorization to purchase the port of New Orleans and West Florida for $9,375,000.

Monroe and Livingston were instructed to: 1) negotiate a peaceful settlement; and 2) if France resisted, form an immediate alliance with England. Considering Napoleon's views on world conquest, there seemed to be little chance of settlement. Suddenly, on April 11, 1803, Napoleon announced his plans to cede the entire Territory to the United States.

By April
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30, 1803, a treaty binding the United States to the purchase of the entire 830,000 square mile area for $15,000,000 was signed. At less than three cents per acre, the Louisiana Purchase must be considered the greatest real estate deal of all time. This happening shaped the destiny of the United States, ended Napoleon's dreams of a French empire, and confirmed Spain's fears of America's westward expansion.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraParks & Recreational AreasSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1801.
Location. 34° 38.694′ N, 91° 3.169′ W. Marker is near Holly Grove, Arkansas, in Monroe County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 362, 1.8 miles east of U.S. 49. Marker is located along the swamp boardwalk in Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Holly Grove AR 72069, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Louisiana Territory: 1682-1800 (a few steps from this marker); Life in the Swamp (within shouting distance of this marker); The Swamp (within shouting distance of this marker); Louisiana Purchase State Park (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Survey: 1815 (about 300 feet away); Two Lines Mark the Future of the United States
The Purchase: 1801-1803 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, May 15, 2015
2. The Purchase: 1801-1803 Marker
(about 300 feet away); The Opening of the American West (about 400 feet away); Initial Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Holly Grove.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park
Also see . . .  Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson was astonished when presented with the details of the purchase. He had severe doubts about the constitutionality of acquiring land through purchase because the Constitution did not address that issue. However, he feared that Napoleon would change his mind if America waited to ratify a constitutional amendment. Demonstrating great flexibility, Jefferson ignored party considerations and submitted the treaty to the Senate where it was overwhelmingly ratified on October 20, 1803. (Submitted on August 25, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 26, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 23, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 209 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 25, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Jun. 7, 2023